Model prodrugs of resveratrol carrying protecting substituents at the hydroxyls have been synthesised and tested. Resveratrol triacetate and resveratrol-tri-mPEG(1900) were formed by linking methyl groups or poly(ethylene glycol) chains, respectively, via carboxyester bonds. Resveratrol trimesylate, a molecule less susceptible to hydrolytic attack, was synthesised as well. This latter compound proved to be stable in vitro, while the carboxyester derivatives were slowly hydrolysed in solutions mimicking the gastric or intestinal environment, and rapidly converted to resveratrol in blood. In ex vivo permeation experiments with explanted intestinal segments, resveratrol and its triacetate derivative appeared in the basolateral compartment essentially as a mixture of Phase II metabolites. When the PEGylated derivative was provided on the apical side, unconjugated resveratrol accounted for about 50% of the compounds in the basolateral-side chamber. The same result was obtained by providing an equivalent physical mixture of resveratrol and PEG polymer, indicating that this behaviour is likely due to an adjuvating effect of PEG rather than to the covalent polymer conjugation. These observations suggest that the ester derivatives are rapidly hydrolysed at the intestinal surface or inside enterocytes, and are then processed as resveratrol. On the other hand, the mesylate was transported from the apical to the basolateral side without modification. It may thus be possible to enhance absorption and hinder metabolism of natural polyphenols by constructing pro-drugs incorporating bonds with appropriate resistance to enzymatic hydrolysis.

Absorption and metabolism of resveratrol carboxyesters and methanesulfonate by explanted reat intestinal segments

BIASUTTO, LUCIA;MAROTTA, ESTER;MATTAREI, ANDREA;CALICETI, PAOLO;SALMASO, STEFANO;GARBISA, SPIRIDIONE;ZORATTI, MARIO;PARADISI, CRISTINA
2009

Abstract

Model prodrugs of resveratrol carrying protecting substituents at the hydroxyls have been synthesised and tested. Resveratrol triacetate and resveratrol-tri-mPEG(1900) were formed by linking methyl groups or poly(ethylene glycol) chains, respectively, via carboxyester bonds. Resveratrol trimesylate, a molecule less susceptible to hydrolytic attack, was synthesised as well. This latter compound proved to be stable in vitro, while the carboxyester derivatives were slowly hydrolysed in solutions mimicking the gastric or intestinal environment, and rapidly converted to resveratrol in blood. In ex vivo permeation experiments with explanted intestinal segments, resveratrol and its triacetate derivative appeared in the basolateral compartment essentially as a mixture of Phase II metabolites. When the PEGylated derivative was provided on the apical side, unconjugated resveratrol accounted for about 50% of the compounds in the basolateral-side chamber. The same result was obtained by providing an equivalent physical mixture of resveratrol and PEG polymer, indicating that this behaviour is likely due to an adjuvating effect of PEG rather than to the covalent polymer conjugation. These observations suggest that the ester derivatives are rapidly hydrolysed at the intestinal surface or inside enterocytes, and are then processed as resveratrol. On the other hand, the mesylate was transported from the apical to the basolateral side without modification. It may thus be possible to enhance absorption and hinder metabolism of natural polyphenols by constructing pro-drugs incorporating bonds with appropriate resistance to enzymatic hydrolysis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2435719
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