The redox properties of some alkyl radicals, which are important in atom transfer radical polymerization both as initiators and mimics of the propagating radical chains, have been investigated in CH3CN by an indirect electrochemical method based on homogeneous redox catalysis involving alkyl halides (RX) and electrogenerated aromatic or heteroaromatic radical anions(D•−). Dissociative electron transfer between RX and D•− yields an intermediate radical(R•), which further reacts with D•− either by radical coupling or by electron transfer. Examination of the competition between these reactions, which depends on E◦D/D•−, allows determination of the standard reduction potential of R• as well as the self-exchange reorganization energyR•/R−. The standard reduction potentials obtained for the radicals •CH2CN, •CH2CO2Et and •CH(CH3)CO2Me are −0.72±0.06, −0.63±0.07 and −0.66±0.07V vs. SCE, respectively. Quite high values ofR•/R− (from 122 to 164kJmol−1) were found for all radicals, indicating that a significant change of structure accompanies electron transfer to R•.

Estimation of standard reduction potentials of alkyl radicals involved in atom transfer radical polymerization

BORTOLAMEI, NICOLA;AHMED ISSE, ABDIRISAK;GENNARO, ARMANDO
2010

Abstract

The redox properties of some alkyl radicals, which are important in atom transfer radical polymerization both as initiators and mimics of the propagating radical chains, have been investigated in CH3CN by an indirect electrochemical method based on homogeneous redox catalysis involving alkyl halides (RX) and electrogenerated aromatic or heteroaromatic radical anions(D•−). Dissociative electron transfer between RX and D•− yields an intermediate radical(R•), which further reacts with D•− either by radical coupling or by electron transfer. Examination of the competition between these reactions, which depends on E◦D/D•−, allows determination of the standard reduction potential of R• as well as the self-exchange reorganization energyR•/R−. The standard reduction potentials obtained for the radicals •CH2CN, •CH2CO2Et and •CH(CH3)CO2Me are −0.72±0.06, −0.63±0.07 and −0.66±0.07V vs. SCE, respectively. Quite high values ofR•/R− (from 122 to 164kJmol−1) were found for all radicals, indicating that a significant change of structure accompanies electron transfer to R•.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2435755
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