Since alterations of tryptophan metabolism have been reported in diabetes and atherosclerosis, it was thought of interest to investigate any role of cloricromene through the influence on the oxidative metabolism of the amino acid by using diabetic/hyperlipidemic rabbits. Male 4-month-old New Zealand white rabbits, fed a diet enriched with 1% cholesterol and 10% corn oil, were made diabetic with alloxan. During the hyperlipidemic diet, a group of rabbits was treated with cloricromene (10 mg/kg/day subcutaneously plus 1.5 mg/kg/day intravenously, for 5 weeks). The other group received saline. Normometabolic New Zealand rabbits fed standard diet, treated or not with cloricromene, were used as control. The specific activities of liver tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase and small intestine indole 2,3-dioxygenase were not significantly changed by the drug treatment. Also the specific activities of other enzymes of the kynurenine pathway in the liver and kidneys, specifically kynurenine 3-monooxygenase, kynureninase and kynurenine-oxoglutarate transaminase, did not show any significant difference in both tissues between the two groups of rabbits. On the contrary, 3-hydroxyanthranilate 3,4-dioxygenase activity in the liver of diabetic/hyperlipidemic rabbits and control rabbits treated with cloricromene showed a slight increase in comparison with untreated animals. Conversely, the specific activity of the enzyme in kidneys was not affected by the drug treatment in diabetic/hyperlipidemic animals but was reduced in controls. Aminocarboxymuconate-semialdehyde decarboxylase specific activity remained unchanged in the liver following cloricromene treatment, instead the specific activity of the enzyme in the kidneys of the diabetic/hyperlipidemic rabbits was significantly increased by the drug, with a value more than double in comparison to untreated animals. The activity of the scavenger enzyme Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn SOD) in the small intestine was also determined and found significantly increased of about twice as much in the group of diabetic/hyperlipidemic rabbits treated with cloricromene. In conclusion, in diabetic/hyperlipidemic rabbits, cloricromene appeared to influence the enzymes involved in the last steps of tryptophan oxidative metabolism through the kynurenine pathway. This, together with the antioxidant action through the activation of Cu/Zn SOD, might deserve further investigation for evaluating any link between the observed experimental findings at the level of the kynurenine pathway and the clinical effect of the drug.

Cloricromene effect on the enzyme activities of the tryptophan-nicotinic acid pathway in diabetic/hyperlipidemic rabbits

RAGAZZI, EUGENIO;COSTA, CARLO VIRGILIO LUIGI;BERTAZZO, ANTONELLA;CAPARROTTA, LAURA;ALLEGRI, GRAZIELLA
2006

Abstract

Since alterations of tryptophan metabolism have been reported in diabetes and atherosclerosis, it was thought of interest to investigate any role of cloricromene through the influence on the oxidative metabolism of the amino acid by using diabetic/hyperlipidemic rabbits. Male 4-month-old New Zealand white rabbits, fed a diet enriched with 1% cholesterol and 10% corn oil, were made diabetic with alloxan. During the hyperlipidemic diet, a group of rabbits was treated with cloricromene (10 mg/kg/day subcutaneously plus 1.5 mg/kg/day intravenously, for 5 weeks). The other group received saline. Normometabolic New Zealand rabbits fed standard diet, treated or not with cloricromene, were used as control. The specific activities of liver tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase and small intestine indole 2,3-dioxygenase were not significantly changed by the drug treatment. Also the specific activities of other enzymes of the kynurenine pathway in the liver and kidneys, specifically kynurenine 3-monooxygenase, kynureninase and kynurenine-oxoglutarate transaminase, did not show any significant difference in both tissues between the two groups of rabbits. On the contrary, 3-hydroxyanthranilate 3,4-dioxygenase activity in the liver of diabetic/hyperlipidemic rabbits and control rabbits treated with cloricromene showed a slight increase in comparison with untreated animals. Conversely, the specific activity of the enzyme in kidneys was not affected by the drug treatment in diabetic/hyperlipidemic animals but was reduced in controls. Aminocarboxymuconate-semialdehyde decarboxylase specific activity remained unchanged in the liver following cloricromene treatment, instead the specific activity of the enzyme in the kidneys of the diabetic/hyperlipidemic rabbits was significantly increased by the drug, with a value more than double in comparison to untreated animals. The activity of the scavenger enzyme Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn SOD) in the small intestine was also determined and found significantly increased of about twice as much in the group of diabetic/hyperlipidemic rabbits treated with cloricromene. In conclusion, in diabetic/hyperlipidemic rabbits, cloricromene appeared to influence the enzymes involved in the last steps of tryptophan oxidative metabolism through the kynurenine pathway. This, together with the antioxidant action through the activation of Cu/Zn SOD, might deserve further investigation for evaluating any link between the observed experimental findings at the level of the kynurenine pathway and the clinical effect of the drug.
2006
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2436053
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