The thermal properties and fire behaviour of polypropylene (PP) nanocomposites were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry, dynamic-mechanical analysis, thermogravimetric analysis and glow wire test. In order to study the morphological structure of the materials obtained, TEM and XRD analyses were also carried out. The nanocomposites were prepared using the melt intercalation technique in a co-rotating intermeshing twin screw extruder. Particular attention was given to studying the influence of different processing conditions (barrel temperature profile and screw rate) and compositions of PP-nanoclay blends (clay content, use of compatibiliser) on the thermal properties of the nanocomposites. The results show that all the properties analysed were strongly influenced by the nanocomposite composition; instead, the processing conditions greatly affect only the dynamic-mechanical properties. DSC curves show that the crystallinity is deeply influenced by the presence of the clay in the matrix, owing to the fact that the filler acts as nucleating agent. DMA curves show that materials processed at low temperature profile and high shear stress, i.e. when a good clay dispersion is achieved, are characterised by an enhanced modulus, thus indicating that the incorporation of clay into the PP matrix remarkably enhances its stiffness and has good reinforcing effects. TGA traces in oxidizing atmosphere show a drastic shift of the weight loss curve towards higher temperature and no variation of the onset temperature (i.e. the temperature at which degradation begins). The TGA analyses in inert atmosphere show instead marked increase of this parameter (about 200 degrees C) and no shift of weight loss curves. Glow wire results highlight that polymer nanocomposites are characterised by enhanced fire behaviour.

Thermal behaviour of compatibilised polypropylene nanocomposite: Effect of processing conditions

MODESTI, MICHELE;LORENZETTI, ALESSANDRA;BESCO, STEFANO
2006

Abstract

The thermal properties and fire behaviour of polypropylene (PP) nanocomposites were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry, dynamic-mechanical analysis, thermogravimetric analysis and glow wire test. In order to study the morphological structure of the materials obtained, TEM and XRD analyses were also carried out. The nanocomposites were prepared using the melt intercalation technique in a co-rotating intermeshing twin screw extruder. Particular attention was given to studying the influence of different processing conditions (barrel temperature profile and screw rate) and compositions of PP-nanoclay blends (clay content, use of compatibiliser) on the thermal properties of the nanocomposites. The results show that all the properties analysed were strongly influenced by the nanocomposite composition; instead, the processing conditions greatly affect only the dynamic-mechanical properties. DSC curves show that the crystallinity is deeply influenced by the presence of the clay in the matrix, owing to the fact that the filler acts as nucleating agent. DMA curves show that materials processed at low temperature profile and high shear stress, i.e. when a good clay dispersion is achieved, are characterised by an enhanced modulus, thus indicating that the incorporation of clay into the PP matrix remarkably enhances its stiffness and has good reinforcing effects. TGA traces in oxidizing atmosphere show a drastic shift of the weight loss curve towards higher temperature and no variation of the onset temperature (i.e. the temperature at which degradation begins). The TGA analyses in inert atmosphere show instead marked increase of this parameter (about 200 degrees C) and no shift of weight loss curves. Glow wire results highlight that polymer nanocomposites are characterised by enhanced fire behaviour.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2438734
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