This is the first study to demonstrate the selectivity of learning for contrast polarity. The finding is the main result of an investigation into the existence of central and peripheral vision mechanisms selective for contrast polarity within the texture-segregation process, using the perceptual learning paradigm in a detection task. Energy models (Malik & Perona, 1990) exclude segregation of textures composed of elements of odd-symmetric luminance profile by contrast polarity differences. Here the target was a Gabor patch (0.8 deg) of 1 cyc/deg in sine phase (odd-symmetry) embedded in a background of mirror-image elements. Our results showed that, in fovea, segregation on the basis of contrast polarity was above threshold from the first session. After learning, the target popped-out in both central and peripheral vision for durations over 10 ms. Our major result is that learning is selective for contrast polarity; it is also selective for orientation and position, all characteristics distinctive of early processing. Since the learning effects were obtained with texture composed of odd-symmetric mirror-image elements, they indicate that the output from odd-symmetric filters was not excluded or inhibited in texture segmentation, but instead played an active role. Our data support models of texture segmentation, in which detection of texture gradient is achieved on the basis of early cortical process, before the non-linear transformation of their output.

Texture segregation on the basis of contrast polarity of odd-symmetric filters

GRIECO, ALBA;CASCO, CLARA;RONCATO, SERGIO
2006

Abstract

This is the first study to demonstrate the selectivity of learning for contrast polarity. The finding is the main result of an investigation into the existence of central and peripheral vision mechanisms selective for contrast polarity within the texture-segregation process, using the perceptual learning paradigm in a detection task. Energy models (Malik & Perona, 1990) exclude segregation of textures composed of elements of odd-symmetric luminance profile by contrast polarity differences. Here the target was a Gabor patch (0.8 deg) of 1 cyc/deg in sine phase (odd-symmetry) embedded in a background of mirror-image elements. Our results showed that, in fovea, segregation on the basis of contrast polarity was above threshold from the first session. After learning, the target popped-out in both central and peripheral vision for durations over 10 ms. Our major result is that learning is selective for contrast polarity; it is also selective for orientation and position, all characteristics distinctive of early processing. Since the learning effects were obtained with texture composed of odd-symmetric mirror-image elements, they indicate that the output from odd-symmetric filters was not excluded or inhibited in texture segmentation, but instead played an active role. Our data support models of texture segmentation, in which detection of texture gradient is achieved on the basis of early cortical process, before the non-linear transformation of their output.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2438743
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