Abstract Associations between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) susceptibility and polymorphism in multiple immunoregulatory genes suggest a role of altered T cell function in the disease. The growing relevance of the oxidative stress in RA synovitis, which results in a number of T cell signalling abnormalities, is reinforced by the demonstration of a direct NO inducing activity through the shared epitope of the HLA class II molecules HLA-DRbeta1, with secondary lymphocytes oxidative damage. Direct T cell/macrophage contact-dependent activation, one of the driving mechanisms of synovitis, is mediated by co-stimulatory molecules as well as cell membrane cytokines and may also result in an impaired suppressive function of T regulatory cells (Treg) in RA joints. The fusion of CTLA4 extracellular binding domain to the Fcgamma1 allows to obtain a soluble CTLA4 receptor, the dimeric recombinant human fusion protein abatacept (CTLA4-Ig). The improved knowledge of the CTLA4-B7 co-stimulation regulatory mechanisms by signals delivered into DCs and Tregs provides multiple potential targets for the abatacept treatment. CTLA4-Ig shows the capacity, either ex vivo or in vivo, to interrupt at multiple steps the ongoing inflammatory and destructive process, and to concur in restoring the immunoregulatory balance in RA. F = 3,862 quartile superiore della categoria (29 posto su 118).

Co-stimulatory modulation in rheumatoid arthritis: The role of (CTLA4-Ig) abatacept

FIOCCO, UGO;SFRISO, PAOLO;OLIVIERO, FRANCESCA;PAGNIN, ELISA;CAMPANA, CARLA;PUNZI, LEONARDO
2008

Abstract

Abstract Associations between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) susceptibility and polymorphism in multiple immunoregulatory genes suggest a role of altered T cell function in the disease. The growing relevance of the oxidative stress in RA synovitis, which results in a number of T cell signalling abnormalities, is reinforced by the demonstration of a direct NO inducing activity through the shared epitope of the HLA class II molecules HLA-DRbeta1, with secondary lymphocytes oxidative damage. Direct T cell/macrophage contact-dependent activation, one of the driving mechanisms of synovitis, is mediated by co-stimulatory molecules as well as cell membrane cytokines and may also result in an impaired suppressive function of T regulatory cells (Treg) in RA joints. The fusion of CTLA4 extracellular binding domain to the Fcgamma1 allows to obtain a soluble CTLA4 receptor, the dimeric recombinant human fusion protein abatacept (CTLA4-Ig). The improved knowledge of the CTLA4-B7 co-stimulation regulatory mechanisms by signals delivered into DCs and Tregs provides multiple potential targets for the abatacept treatment. CTLA4-Ig shows the capacity, either ex vivo or in vivo, to interrupt at multiple steps the ongoing inflammatory and destructive process, and to concur in restoring the immunoregulatory balance in RA. F = 3,862 quartile superiore della categoria (29 posto su 118).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2439123
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