The paper describes the features of the intense emigration flow that characterized Veneto from 1950 to 1970, by using a particular data source: the samples drawn from 1981 and 1991 italian population censuses. We examine people born in Veneto who were living, at the times of the censuses, in Piemonte and Lombardia, also by comparing with people living both in destination and origin re-gions. The analysis of individual characteristics allows us to know if mass migration creates populations with particular features. Evidence shows that some aspects, as the disadvantageous social condition (inferred from low levels of education, high rates of dependent labour and of un-comfortable houses), are typical features of the selection created when people emigrates for eco-nomic reasons. But other aspects are similar to population of destination regions’ ones: for exam-ple, low levels of fertility and great female participation in the labour market. Finally, there are some characteristics that are different both to origin and to destination regions: we find high and anticipated rates of marriage, intense participation in the labour market in the middle age classes, and anticipated withdrawal from the job.

Gli emigrati dal Veneto negli anni cinquanta del XX secolo

MEGGIOLARO, SILVIA;ROSSI, FIORENZO
2006

Abstract

The paper describes the features of the intense emigration flow that characterized Veneto from 1950 to 1970, by using a particular data source: the samples drawn from 1981 and 1991 italian population censuses. We examine people born in Veneto who were living, at the times of the censuses, in Piemonte and Lombardia, also by comparing with people living both in destination and origin re-gions. The analysis of individual characteristics allows us to know if mass migration creates populations with particular features. Evidence shows that some aspects, as the disadvantageous social condition (inferred from low levels of education, high rates of dependent labour and of un-comfortable houses), are typical features of the selection created when people emigrates for eco-nomic reasons. But other aspects are similar to population of destination regions’ ones: for exam-ple, low levels of fertility and great female participation in the labour market. Finally, there are some characteristics that are different both to origin and to destination regions: we find high and anticipated rates of marriage, intense participation in the labour market in the middle age classes, and anticipated withdrawal from the job.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2439284
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