INTRODUCTION: Liver transplantation represents the gold standard for the treatment of chronic liver disease. The whole transplantation process was assessed using an intention-to-treat analysis and considering patients from the time of their inclusion on the list and throughout lengthy follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 1, 1999 to June 1, 2004, 373 adults joined the waiting list for liver transplantation at our institution. The main variables analyzed were: age, gender, etiology, Model for End-stage Liver Disease score, Child-Pugh class, United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) status. Global survival was evaluated using intention-to-treat analysis from the time of patient inclusion in the list to the end of their late follow-up. RESULTS: The median waiting time was 20 months (range 0.1 to 70.2). By univariate analysis, the variables significantly influencing survival when patients joined the waiting list were: encephalopathy; ascites, poor nutritional status, Child-Pugh class C, UNOS 2, hepatitis C virus (HCV) and bilirubin > 2 mg/dL. By multivariate analysis, only HCV-related cirrhosis emerged as having an independent prognostic value. By intention-to-treat analysis, the 5-year survival rate was 67% and 79% for HCV-positive and HCV-negative patients, respectively (P = .0003). CONCLUSIONS: HCV-related cirrhosis is an independent prognostic factor for survival according to an intention-to-treat analysis. Different inclusion criteria or treatments while on the waiting list and after transplantation need to be considered in the future for HCV-positive patients.

Hepatitis C virus-related cirrhosis as a significant mortality factor in intention-to-treat analysis in liver transplantation

GRINGERI, ENRICO;VITALE A;ZANUS G;VALMASONI M;CILLO, UMBERTO
2007

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Liver transplantation represents the gold standard for the treatment of chronic liver disease. The whole transplantation process was assessed using an intention-to-treat analysis and considering patients from the time of their inclusion on the list and throughout lengthy follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 1, 1999 to June 1, 2004, 373 adults joined the waiting list for liver transplantation at our institution. The main variables analyzed were: age, gender, etiology, Model for End-stage Liver Disease score, Child-Pugh class, United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) status. Global survival was evaluated using intention-to-treat analysis from the time of patient inclusion in the list to the end of their late follow-up. RESULTS: The median waiting time was 20 months (range 0.1 to 70.2). By univariate analysis, the variables significantly influencing survival when patients joined the waiting list were: encephalopathy; ascites, poor nutritional status, Child-Pugh class C, UNOS 2, hepatitis C virus (HCV) and bilirubin > 2 mg/dL. By multivariate analysis, only HCV-related cirrhosis emerged as having an independent prognostic value. By intention-to-treat analysis, the 5-year survival rate was 67% and 79% for HCV-positive and HCV-negative patients, respectively (P = .0003). CONCLUSIONS: HCV-related cirrhosis is an independent prognostic factor for survival according to an intention-to-treat analysis. Different inclusion criteria or treatments while on the waiting list and after transplantation need to be considered in the future for HCV-positive patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2440727
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