Venlafaxine (VEN) is a second generation antidepressant drug, belonging to the class of selective serotonine and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, widely used in the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders. Though its pharmacological profile is considered safe, treatment with VEN can cause several nervous, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular and genitourinary adverse effects. Therapeutic drug monitoring for VEN could be useful in specific situations, including exposure to the drug during pregnancy. A liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the assay of VEN in 2.5-mg hair samples from 2 newborn identical twin sisters. The analyte was extracted by a rapid, simultaneous pulverization and extraction step, allowing analysis when tiny amounts of hair are available, such as in the case of a newborn. Gradient elution on an Atlantis T3 column was performed using nordiazepam-d5 as an internal standard. Positive ion electrospray ionization and high-resolution full scan determination were performed in an Orbitrap mass spectrometer. The method was linear range in the range 0.2-25 ng/mg, and had a quantification limit of 0.2 ng/mg, a relative standard deviation in the range 0.7%-1.4% (intra-assay) and 2.9%-5.9% (interassay), and was accurate (as % relative error) in the range -9% to + 2%, using a hair sample size as low as 2.5 mg. The utilization of high-resolution/high accuracy mass spectrometry in full-scan mode allowed both the quantitative determination of VEN in the hair of the 2 newborns and the straightforward identification of 4 VEN metabolites, namely O-desmethylvenlafaxine, N-desmethylvenlafaxine, N,N-didesmethylvenlafaxine, and N,O-didesmethylvenlafaxine, by means of retrospective screening, thus unequivocally documenting in utero exposure.

Neonatal Hair-Analysis by Liquid Chromatography-High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry to Reveal Gestational Exposure to Venlafaxine

FAVRETTO, DONATA;VOGLIARDI, SUSANNA;TREVISANUTO D;CASTAGNA, FRANCA;FERRARA, SANTO
2010

Abstract

Venlafaxine (VEN) is a second generation antidepressant drug, belonging to the class of selective serotonine and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, widely used in the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders. Though its pharmacological profile is considered safe, treatment with VEN can cause several nervous, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular and genitourinary adverse effects. Therapeutic drug monitoring for VEN could be useful in specific situations, including exposure to the drug during pregnancy. A liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the assay of VEN in 2.5-mg hair samples from 2 newborn identical twin sisters. The analyte was extracted by a rapid, simultaneous pulverization and extraction step, allowing analysis when tiny amounts of hair are available, such as in the case of a newborn. Gradient elution on an Atlantis T3 column was performed using nordiazepam-d5 as an internal standard. Positive ion electrospray ionization and high-resolution full scan determination were performed in an Orbitrap mass spectrometer. The method was linear range in the range 0.2-25 ng/mg, and had a quantification limit of 0.2 ng/mg, a relative standard deviation in the range 0.7%-1.4% (intra-assay) and 2.9%-5.9% (interassay), and was accurate (as % relative error) in the range -9% to + 2%, using a hair sample size as low as 2.5 mg. The utilization of high-resolution/high accuracy mass spectrometry in full-scan mode allowed both the quantitative determination of VEN in the hair of the 2 newborns and the straightforward identification of 4 VEN metabolites, namely O-desmethylvenlafaxine, N-desmethylvenlafaxine, N,N-didesmethylvenlafaxine, and N,O-didesmethylvenlafaxine, by means of retrospective screening, thus unequivocally documenting in utero exposure.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2441083
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