The paper describes the design of the control loops in a Z-axis, MEMS vibrational gyroscope. In this device, a silicon mass is driven through electrostatic actuator so that it has a sinusoidal linear motion, with a controlled speed. The design of a suitable controller, capable of maintaining the required speed and with prescribed restoring capabilities after shocks has been derived and described in the paper. Attached to the driving mass, a second mass, free to move in the direction orthogonal to the motion of the first mass, is subjected to a Coriolis force, proportional to the product of the first mass speed by Z-axis rotational speed. The sensing of the Coriolis force and, in turn, of the Z-axis rotational speed, is performed in closed loop fashion, with a 1-bit quantized actuation. The restoring force that brings the motion of the second mass to zero is equivalent to the output bit stream of a sigma-delta converter and contains the information of the Coriolis force. The design of this second control loop and a detailed analysis on the signal-to-noise ratio achievable with the proposed design is reported.

Control of a z-axis MEMS vibrational gyroscope

OBOE, ROBERTO;ANTONELLO, RICCARDO;
2004

Abstract

The paper describes the design of the control loops in a Z-axis, MEMS vibrational gyroscope. In this device, a silicon mass is driven through electrostatic actuator so that it has a sinusoidal linear motion, with a controlled speed. The design of a suitable controller, capable of maintaining the required speed and with prescribed restoring capabilities after shocks has been derived and described in the paper. Attached to the driving mass, a second mass, free to move in the direction orthogonal to the motion of the first mass, is subjected to a Coriolis force, proportional to the product of the first mass speed by Z-axis rotational speed. The sensing of the Coriolis force and, in turn, of the Z-axis rotational speed, is performed in closed loop fashion, with a 1-bit quantized actuation. The restoring force that brings the motion of the second mass to zero is equivalent to the output bit stream of a sigma-delta converter and contains the information of the Coriolis force. The design of this second control loop and a detailed analysis on the signal-to-noise ratio achievable with the proposed design is reported.
Proceedings of the 8th IEEE International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control
0780383001
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2442944
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact