BACKGROUND: Quinolinic acid and other kynurenine metabolites of the oxidative metabolism of tryptophan play an important role in several pathophysiological conditions. We aimed to study the effect of age on the enzyme activities of tryptophan metabolism along the kynurenine pathway. METHODS: Enzyme activity was investigated in liver, kidneys and small intestine obtained from Sprague-Dawley rats of various ages (1 week, 2-3, 12 and 18 months). RESULTS: We found age-related differences in the liver tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase, small intestine indole 2,3-dioxygenase, liver and kidney kynurenine 3-monooxygenase activities, which decreased significantly with age. Also liver kynureninase activity declined with age, while the activity in kidneys did not show an evident age-related pattern from 2-3 months to 18 months of age. Liver kynurenine oxoglutarate transaminase was quite similar through all considered age groups, while the activity in kidneys was significantly lower in newborn rats and progressively increased up to 12 months, then significantly decreased at 18 months of age. Liver and kidney 3-hydroxyanthranilate 3,4-dioxygenase progressively and significantly increased from newborns to 12 months of age; in the group of rats aged 18 months, the enzyme activity tended to diminish, although not significantly. The liver aminocarboxymuconate-semialdehyde decarboxylase activity increased up to 12 months of age, then tended to decrease at 18 months, while in the kidneys, in which the activity was higher than in the liver at all the considered ages, the activity remained constantly elevated from 2-3 months to 18 months of age. CONCLUSIONS: A progressive decline in the enzyme activities involved in tryptophan metabolism along the kynurenine pathway in rat tissues was found with age, except for aminocarboxymuconate-semialdehyde decarboxylase, which, on the contrary, was increased after 2-3 months to the other older groups of age. The altered metabolism of tryptophan with ageing can lead to a decreased biosynthesis of nicotinic acid, tryptophan being the major source of body stores of NAD coenzymes, which are involved in almost all biogenetic and biosynthetic pathways of the organism.

The effect of age on the enzyme activities of tryptophan metabolism along the kynurenine pathway in rats

COSTA, CARLO VIRGILIO LUIGI;RAGAZZI, EUGENIO;BERTAZZO, ANTONELLA;ALLEGRI, GRAZIELLA
2005

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Quinolinic acid and other kynurenine metabolites of the oxidative metabolism of tryptophan play an important role in several pathophysiological conditions. We aimed to study the effect of age on the enzyme activities of tryptophan metabolism along the kynurenine pathway. METHODS: Enzyme activity was investigated in liver, kidneys and small intestine obtained from Sprague-Dawley rats of various ages (1 week, 2-3, 12 and 18 months). RESULTS: We found age-related differences in the liver tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase, small intestine indole 2,3-dioxygenase, liver and kidney kynurenine 3-monooxygenase activities, which decreased significantly with age. Also liver kynureninase activity declined with age, while the activity in kidneys did not show an evident age-related pattern from 2-3 months to 18 months of age. Liver kynurenine oxoglutarate transaminase was quite similar through all considered age groups, while the activity in kidneys was significantly lower in newborn rats and progressively increased up to 12 months, then significantly decreased at 18 months of age. Liver and kidney 3-hydroxyanthranilate 3,4-dioxygenase progressively and significantly increased from newborns to 12 months of age; in the group of rats aged 18 months, the enzyme activity tended to diminish, although not significantly. The liver aminocarboxymuconate-semialdehyde decarboxylase activity increased up to 12 months of age, then tended to decrease at 18 months, while in the kidneys, in which the activity was higher than in the liver at all the considered ages, the activity remained constantly elevated from 2-3 months to 18 months of age. CONCLUSIONS: A progressive decline in the enzyme activities involved in tryptophan metabolism along the kynurenine pathway in rat tissues was found with age, except for aminocarboxymuconate-semialdehyde decarboxylase, which, on the contrary, was increased after 2-3 months to the other older groups of age. The altered metabolism of tryptophan with ageing can lead to a decreased biosynthesis of nicotinic acid, tryptophan being the major source of body stores of NAD coenzymes, which are involved in almost all biogenetic and biosynthetic pathways of the organism.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2443367
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