Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate the specific allergic sensitization and epidemiological characteristics of vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC). METHODS: This retrospective non-comparative case series included 406 VKC patients. Data included patient and family histories, and results of allergic tests. Annual incidence and prevalence rates were calculated for a cohort of 128 VKC patients from the greater Padua area. RESULTS: The great majority of VKC patients were male (76%), with a male : female ratio of 3.3 : 1. A skin prick test, specific serum IgE or conjunctival challenge was positive in 43%, 56% and 58% of patients, respectively. In the cohort of patients from the Padua area, the prevalence of the disease was 7.8/100,000, with a higher rate in young males (57/100,000) compared with young females (22/100,000), and lower rates in people over 16 years of age (3.8/100,000 in males, 1/100,000 in females). The incidence of VKC was 1/100,000, with a higher rate in males under 16 years of age (10/100,000) compared with females (4.2/100,000). In people over 16 years of age, the incidence of the disease was 0.06/100,000, with no difference between males and females. CONCLUSION: An IgE-mediated sensitization was found in only half of the VKC patients. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis is not a rare event in the paediatric population but is an extremely rare new disease in adults

Case series of 406 vernal keratoconjunctivitis patients: a demographic and epidemiological study.

LEONARDI, ANDREA;FREGONA, IVA;PLEBANI, MARIO;SECCHI, ANTONIO
2006

Abstract

Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate the specific allergic sensitization and epidemiological characteristics of vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC). METHODS: This retrospective non-comparative case series included 406 VKC patients. Data included patient and family histories, and results of allergic tests. Annual incidence and prevalence rates were calculated for a cohort of 128 VKC patients from the greater Padua area. RESULTS: The great majority of VKC patients were male (76%), with a male : female ratio of 3.3 : 1. A skin prick test, specific serum IgE or conjunctival challenge was positive in 43%, 56% and 58% of patients, respectively. In the cohort of patients from the Padua area, the prevalence of the disease was 7.8/100,000, with a higher rate in young males (57/100,000) compared with young females (22/100,000), and lower rates in people over 16 years of age (3.8/100,000 in males, 1/100,000 in females). The incidence of VKC was 1/100,000, with a higher rate in males under 16 years of age (10/100,000) compared with females (4.2/100,000). In people over 16 years of age, the incidence of the disease was 0.06/100,000, with no difference between males and females. CONCLUSION: An IgE-mediated sensitization was found in only half of the VKC patients. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis is not a rare event in the paediatric population but is an extremely rare new disease in adults
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2445312
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