Selenium is an essential trace element incorporated as selenocysteine in 25 human selenoproteins. Among them are thioredoxin reductases (TrxR) and glutathione peroxidases, all central proteins in the regulation of the cellular thiol redox state. In this paper the effects of selenite and tellurite treatment in human cancer cells are reported and compared. Our results show that both selenite and tellurite, at relatively low concentrations, are able to increase the expression of mitochondrial and cytosolic TrxR in cisplatin-sensitive (2008) and -resistant (C13*) phenotypes. We further investigated the cellular effects induced by selenite or tellurite in combination with the specific TrxR inhibitor auranofin. Selenite pretreatment induced a dramatic increase in auranofin cytotoxicity in both resistant and sensitive cells. Investigation of TrxR activity and expression levels as well as the cellular redox state demonstrated the involvement of TrxR inhibition and redox changes in selenite and auranofin combined action.

Treatment of human cancer cells with selenite or tellurite in combination with auranofin enhances cell death due to redox shift

RIGOBELLO, MARIA PIA;GANDIN, VALENTINA;FOLDA, ALESSANDRA;BINDOLI, ALBERTO;MARZANO, CRISTINA;
2009

Abstract

Selenium is an essential trace element incorporated as selenocysteine in 25 human selenoproteins. Among them are thioredoxin reductases (TrxR) and glutathione peroxidases, all central proteins in the regulation of the cellular thiol redox state. In this paper the effects of selenite and tellurite treatment in human cancer cells are reported and compared. Our results show that both selenite and tellurite, at relatively low concentrations, are able to increase the expression of mitochondrial and cytosolic TrxR in cisplatin-sensitive (2008) and -resistant (C13*) phenotypes. We further investigated the cellular effects induced by selenite or tellurite in combination with the specific TrxR inhibitor auranofin. Selenite pretreatment induced a dramatic increase in auranofin cytotoxicity in both resistant and sensitive cells. Investigation of TrxR activity and expression levels as well as the cellular redox state demonstrated the involvement of TrxR inhibition and redox changes in selenite and auranofin combined action.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2445995
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 14
  • Scopus 51
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 50
social impact