The aim of the present work was to develop two new independent SYBR Green I-based real-time PCR assays for both detection and quantification of betanodavirus, an RNA virus that infects several species of marine teleost fish causing massive mortalities in larvae and juveniles. The assays utilized two pairs of primers targeting highly conserved regions of both the RNA molecules forming the betanodavirus genome: RNA1 encoding the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP) and RNA2 encoding the coat protein (CP). The specificity of amplifications was monitored by the melting analysis and agarose gel electrophoresis of the amplified products. The applicability of these assays was confirmed with 21 betanodavirus strains, covering all the four main clades. In addition, a BLAST (NCBI) search with the primer sequences showed no genomic cross-reactivity with other viruses. The new assays were able to quantify concentrations of betanodavirus genes ranging from 10(1) to 10(8) copies per reaction. The intra-assay coefficients of variation (CV) of threshold cycle (Ct) values of the assays were 1.5% and 1.4% for CP and RdRP RNAs, respectively. The inter-assay CVs of Ct values were 2.3% and 2.4% for CP and RdRP RNAs, respectively. Moreover, regression analysis showed a significant correlation (R2>0.97) between genome number, as determined by real-time PCR assays and the corresponding virus titer expressed as TCID50/ml of two different betanodavirus strains propagated in cell culture. The two assays were compared with a previously established one-step RT-PCR assay and with the classical virus isolation test and found to be more sensitive. In conclusion, the developed real-time RT-PCR assays are a reliable, specific and sensitive tool for the quantitative diagnosis of betanodavirus.

Development of a sensitive and quantitative diagnostic assay for fish nervous necrosis virus based on two-target real-time PCR

DALLA VALLE, LUISA;TOFFOLO, VANIA;BELVEDERE, PAOLA;COLOMBO, LORENZO
2005

Abstract

The aim of the present work was to develop two new independent SYBR Green I-based real-time PCR assays for both detection and quantification of betanodavirus, an RNA virus that infects several species of marine teleost fish causing massive mortalities in larvae and juveniles. The assays utilized two pairs of primers targeting highly conserved regions of both the RNA molecules forming the betanodavirus genome: RNA1 encoding the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP) and RNA2 encoding the coat protein (CP). The specificity of amplifications was monitored by the melting analysis and agarose gel electrophoresis of the amplified products. The applicability of these assays was confirmed with 21 betanodavirus strains, covering all the four main clades. In addition, a BLAST (NCBI) search with the primer sequences showed no genomic cross-reactivity with other viruses. The new assays were able to quantify concentrations of betanodavirus genes ranging from 10(1) to 10(8) copies per reaction. The intra-assay coefficients of variation (CV) of threshold cycle (Ct) values of the assays were 1.5% and 1.4% for CP and RdRP RNAs, respectively. The inter-assay CVs of Ct values were 2.3% and 2.4% for CP and RdRP RNAs, respectively. Moreover, regression analysis showed a significant correlation (R2>0.97) between genome number, as determined by real-time PCR assays and the corresponding virus titer expressed as TCID50/ml of two different betanodavirus strains propagated in cell culture. The two assays were compared with a previously established one-step RT-PCR assay and with the classical virus isolation test and found to be more sensitive. In conclusion, the developed real-time RT-PCR assays are a reliable, specific and sensitive tool for the quantitative diagnosis of betanodavirus.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2446307
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