The transition from pre-climacteric to climacteric phase is a critical step during fruit development. A holistic approach to study this transition has been undertaken using the first available peach microarray (μPEACH1.0) containing about 4800 oligonucleotide probes corresponding to a set of unigenes most of them expressed during the last stages of fruit development. Microarray hybridizations indicated that among the genes present in the microarray slide, 267 and 109 genes are up- and down-regulated, respectively. Genes have been classified according to the TAIR Gene Ontology into three main categories based on cellular localization, molecular function and biological process. Considering the cellular localization, the most significant up- and down-regulated gene products belong to cell wall and chloroplast compartments. Within the molecular function and biological process categories, a dramatic up-regulation has been detected for genes encoding transcription factors and enzymes involved in ethylene biosynthesis and action. A new member of ETR peach family (Pp-ETR2) has been characterized: this gene shows high similarity to Arabidopsis EIN4, tomato Le-ETR4, and strawberry Fa-ETR2. Transition from S3 to S4 is paralleled by changes in expression of 19 genes encoding transcription factors (TFs) belonging to several families including MADS-box, AUX/IAA, bZIP, bHLH, HD, and Myb. Differential expression of genes involved in specific quality traits has also been observed: besides confirming previous data on cell wall-related gene expression, a new pectin-methyl esterase and two new expansins have been identified. Several genes encoding enzymes acting in the isoprenoid biosynthetic pathway appeared to be strongly induced at S3/S4 transition. Among those involved in carotenoid biosynthesis we found also a β-carotene hydroxylase, responsible for the formation of β-cryptoxanthin, the most abundant carotenoid of ripe yellow peaches.

The use of microarray μPEACH1.0 to investigate transcriptome changes during transition from pre-climacteric to climacteric phase in peach fruit

TRAINOTTI, LIVIO;BONGHI, CLAUDIO;ZILIOTTO, FIORENZA;ZANIN, DARIO;RASORI, ANGELA;CASADORO, GIORGIO;RAMINA, ANGELO;TONUTTI, PIETRO
2006

Abstract

The transition from pre-climacteric to climacteric phase is a critical step during fruit development. A holistic approach to study this transition has been undertaken using the first available peach microarray (μPEACH1.0) containing about 4800 oligonucleotide probes corresponding to a set of unigenes most of them expressed during the last stages of fruit development. Microarray hybridizations indicated that among the genes present in the microarray slide, 267 and 109 genes are up- and down-regulated, respectively. Genes have been classified according to the TAIR Gene Ontology into three main categories based on cellular localization, molecular function and biological process. Considering the cellular localization, the most significant up- and down-regulated gene products belong to cell wall and chloroplast compartments. Within the molecular function and biological process categories, a dramatic up-regulation has been detected for genes encoding transcription factors and enzymes involved in ethylene biosynthesis and action. A new member of ETR peach family (Pp-ETR2) has been characterized: this gene shows high similarity to Arabidopsis EIN4, tomato Le-ETR4, and strawberry Fa-ETR2. Transition from S3 to S4 is paralleled by changes in expression of 19 genes encoding transcription factors (TFs) belonging to several families including MADS-box, AUX/IAA, bZIP, bHLH, HD, and Myb. Differential expression of genes involved in specific quality traits has also been observed: besides confirming previous data on cell wall-related gene expression, a new pectin-methyl esterase and two new expansins have been identified. Several genes encoding enzymes acting in the isoprenoid biosynthetic pathway appeared to be strongly induced at S3/S4 transition. Among those involved in carotenoid biosynthesis we found also a β-carotene hydroxylase, responsible for the formation of β-cryptoxanthin, the most abundant carotenoid of ripe yellow peaches.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2449196
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