AIM: This multicentre study analyzed the maternal and fetal outcomes of women who had one elevated 3-h oral glucose tolerance test (isolated gestational hyperglycaemia [IGH]). METHODS: From 1999 to 2003, data were collected for 606 IGH women from 31 Italian obstetric or diabetic centres, including time and mode of delivery, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, eclampsia, congenital malformations, and neonatal mortality and morbidity, to compare them with the general pregnant Italian population. A prognostic model for the outcome of pregnancy was constructed, and the concurrence of certain specified conditions was considered a positive outcome, whereas pregnancies that failed to meet one or more of the stated conditions were classified as "complicated". RESULTS: Macrosomia was significantly more frequent in women with IGH than in the normal pregnant population (10.7 vs 7.4%, respectively; P=0.003). Stillbirth and neonatal mortality rates did not differ from those in normal pregnancies, while a slight rise in the frequency of major malformations was not statistically significant (1.48 vs 0.89%, respectively; P<0.11). Multivariate logistic analyses confirmed that the prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) was an independent predictor of a complicated pregnancy. As for fetal growth, multivariate logistic analyses according to BMI showed that being overweight or obese were strong predictors of macrosomia. CONCLUSION: These findings in a large cohort of Italian women with IGH confirm the detrimental effect of even minimally altered glucose tolerance on fetal outcome. Also, prepregnancy obesity plays an important role in raising the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes in such patients.

Prepregnancy BMI influences maternal and fetal outcomes in women with isolated gestational hyperglycaemia: a multicentre study

LAPOLLA, ANNUNZIATA;FEDELE, DOMENICO;
2010

Abstract

AIM: This multicentre study analyzed the maternal and fetal outcomes of women who had one elevated 3-h oral glucose tolerance test (isolated gestational hyperglycaemia [IGH]). METHODS: From 1999 to 2003, data were collected for 606 IGH women from 31 Italian obstetric or diabetic centres, including time and mode of delivery, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, eclampsia, congenital malformations, and neonatal mortality and morbidity, to compare them with the general pregnant Italian population. A prognostic model for the outcome of pregnancy was constructed, and the concurrence of certain specified conditions was considered a positive outcome, whereas pregnancies that failed to meet one or more of the stated conditions were classified as "complicated". RESULTS: Macrosomia was significantly more frequent in women with IGH than in the normal pregnant population (10.7 vs 7.4%, respectively; P=0.003). Stillbirth and neonatal mortality rates did not differ from those in normal pregnancies, while a slight rise in the frequency of major malformations was not statistically significant (1.48 vs 0.89%, respectively; P<0.11). Multivariate logistic analyses confirmed that the prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) was an independent predictor of a complicated pregnancy. As for fetal growth, multivariate logistic analyses according to BMI showed that being overweight or obese were strong predictors of macrosomia. CONCLUSION: These findings in a large cohort of Italian women with IGH confirm the detrimental effect of even minimally altered glucose tolerance on fetal outcome. Also, prepregnancy obesity plays an important role in raising the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes in such patients.
2010
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2450605
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