A hypercoagulable state and its consequent increased incidence of thromboembolic complications are reported in patients with Cushing's syndrome (CS). These alterations are related to cortisol excess that induces prothrombotic changes in blood by several and complex mechanisms including increased levels of clotting factors, mainly factor VIII and von Willebrand factor (VWF) and impaired fibrinolytic capacity. However, it has recently been observed that the increase in VWF levels is not a constant feature of CS and that VWF response to glucocorticoids is genetically determined and depends on the presence of particular polymorphisms in the VWF gene promoter. The risk of venous thromboembolism is moreover enhanced in patients with CS by additional endogenous and exogenous risk factors such as obesity, bed rest, surgery and invasive diagnostic procedures like inferior petrosal sinus (IPS) sampling. In line with all these data, patients with active CS should be treated as having a prothrombotic disorder and undergo antithrombotic prophylaxis during IPS sampling. Special care should be taken in the immediate perioperative period in order to avoid thromboembolic events. In the absence of prospective randomized trials, preventive antithrombotic treatment (best with heparin) during IPS sampling and low-dose heparin treatment early after surgery should be suggested.

Coagulopathy in Cushing's syndrome.

DAIDONE, VIVIANA;SCARONI, CARLA;CASONATO, SANDRA;BOSCARO, MARCO
2010

Abstract

A hypercoagulable state and its consequent increased incidence of thromboembolic complications are reported in patients with Cushing's syndrome (CS). These alterations are related to cortisol excess that induces prothrombotic changes in blood by several and complex mechanisms including increased levels of clotting factors, mainly factor VIII and von Willebrand factor (VWF) and impaired fibrinolytic capacity. However, it has recently been observed that the increase in VWF levels is not a constant feature of CS and that VWF response to glucocorticoids is genetically determined and depends on the presence of particular polymorphisms in the VWF gene promoter. The risk of venous thromboembolism is moreover enhanced in patients with CS by additional endogenous and exogenous risk factors such as obesity, bed rest, surgery and invasive diagnostic procedures like inferior petrosal sinus (IPS) sampling. In line with all these data, patients with active CS should be treated as having a prothrombotic disorder and undergo antithrombotic prophylaxis during IPS sampling. Special care should be taken in the immediate perioperative period in order to avoid thromboembolic events. In the absence of prospective randomized trials, preventive antithrombotic treatment (best with heparin) during IPS sampling and low-dose heparin treatment early after surgery should be suggested.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2450934
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 52
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 46
social impact