Spatiotemporal development and human impact on dynamic processes were investigated in the mixed European larch (Larix decidua Mill.) and Swiss stone pine (Pinus cembra L.) subalpine forest of Lago Perso (Piedmont, Italy). We mapped and measured all 295 trees (DBH ≥4 cm) and 914 saplings (>10 cm height, <4 cm DBH) in a permanent plot (1 ha). One core per tree was extracted upslope at 50 cm height, and dendrochronological techniques were applied to reconstruct age structure and growth patterns. All of the data collected were stored in a GIS, and tree and stem crown maps were generated and analysed to quantify spatial patterns. Ripley’s K(t) univariate and bivariate point pattern analyses were employed to assess the degree of spatial autocorrelation. Documentary research was conducted to reconstruct human land use. The stand is uneven-aged, and there were no obvious age cohorts or other evidence of major disturbances in the past. Stone pine saplings and trees and larch saplings exhibited a clumped structure. The same clumping was not so evident in larch trees. The observed structural changes are mainly related to human land use and grazing regime. Although human influence is still manifest, in the recent decades natural dynamics have become the predominant influence on the forest’s structure and processes.

Human impact on size, age, and spatial structure in a mixed European larch and Swiss stone pine forest in the Western Italian Alps

LINGUA, EMANUELE
2005

Abstract

Spatiotemporal development and human impact on dynamic processes were investigated in the mixed European larch (Larix decidua Mill.) and Swiss stone pine (Pinus cembra L.) subalpine forest of Lago Perso (Piedmont, Italy). We mapped and measured all 295 trees (DBH ≥4 cm) and 914 saplings (>10 cm height, <4 cm DBH) in a permanent plot (1 ha). One core per tree was extracted upslope at 50 cm height, and dendrochronological techniques were applied to reconstruct age structure and growth patterns. All of the data collected were stored in a GIS, and tree and stem crown maps were generated and analysed to quantify spatial patterns. Ripley’s K(t) univariate and bivariate point pattern analyses were employed to assess the degree of spatial autocorrelation. Documentary research was conducted to reconstruct human land use. The stand is uneven-aged, and there were no obvious age cohorts or other evidence of major disturbances in the past. Stone pine saplings and trees and larch saplings exhibited a clumped structure. The same clumping was not so evident in larch trees. The observed structural changes are mainly related to human land use and grazing regime. Although human influence is still manifest, in the recent decades natural dynamics have become the predominant influence on the forest’s structure and processes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2451290
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