BACKGROUND: The dysregulation of airway pH control may have a role in asthma pathophysiology. The measurement of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) pH and ammonia levels may be used as a noninvasive method to study acid-base status in the airway of asthmatics. METHODS: Exhaled breath condensate from 29 allergic stable asthmatic children and 13 healthy controls was collected by cooling exhaled air during tidal breathing. Ammonia was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. pH was measured after deaeration of EBC samples by bubbling with argon. The children also underwent FENO measurement. RESULTS: Both pH and ammonia values in EBC were significantly lower in the asthmatics than in the control group [pH: ICS-treated (median and interquartile range) 7.70 (7.62-7.74), steroid-naive 7.53 (7.41-7.68), controls 7.85 (7.80-7.90), P <0.01 and P <0.001, respectively; ammonia: ICS-treated 476.17 microM (282.50-594.80), steroid-naive 253.24 microM (173.43-416.08), controls 788.30 microM (587.29-1310.39), P < 0.05 and P <0.001, respectively]. Both pH and ammonia values were higher in ICS-treated than in steroid-naive asthmatic children. There was a significant correlation between EBC pH and ammonia concentrations. CONCLUSIONS: These data show that EBC pH values of stable asthmatic children are lower compared with those of healthy controls and positively correlated with ammonia concentrations, supporting the hypothesis that airway acidification may have a role in the pathobiology of allergic asthma.

Acid-base equilibrium in exhaled breath condensate of allergic asthmatic children

CARRARO, SILVIA;BARALDI, EUGENIO
2005

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The dysregulation of airway pH control may have a role in asthma pathophysiology. The measurement of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) pH and ammonia levels may be used as a noninvasive method to study acid-base status in the airway of asthmatics. METHODS: Exhaled breath condensate from 29 allergic stable asthmatic children and 13 healthy controls was collected by cooling exhaled air during tidal breathing. Ammonia was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. pH was measured after deaeration of EBC samples by bubbling with argon. The children also underwent FENO measurement. RESULTS: Both pH and ammonia values in EBC were significantly lower in the asthmatics than in the control group [pH: ICS-treated (median and interquartile range) 7.70 (7.62-7.74), steroid-naive 7.53 (7.41-7.68), controls 7.85 (7.80-7.90), P <0.01 and P <0.001, respectively; ammonia: ICS-treated 476.17 microM (282.50-594.80), steroid-naive 253.24 microM (173.43-416.08), controls 788.30 microM (587.29-1310.39), P < 0.05 and P <0.001, respectively]. Both pH and ammonia values were higher in ICS-treated than in steroid-naive asthmatic children. There was a significant correlation between EBC pH and ammonia concentrations. CONCLUSIONS: These data show that EBC pH values of stable asthmatic children are lower compared with those of healthy controls and positively correlated with ammonia concentrations, supporting the hypothesis that airway acidification may have a role in the pathobiology of allergic asthma.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2452072
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 79
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 83
social impact