The interactions of selenite and tellurite with cytosolic and mitochondrial thioredoxin reductases (TrxR1 and TrxR2) and glutathione reductases (GR) from yeast and mammalian sources were explored. Both TrxR1 and TrxR2 act as selenite and tellurite reductases. Kinetic treatment shows that selenite has a greater affinity than tellurite with both TrxR1 and TrxR2. Considering both k(cat) and K(m), selenite shows a better catalytic efficiency than tellurite with TrxR1, whereas with TrxR2, the catalytic efficiency is similar for both chalcogens. Tellurite is a good substrate for GR, whereas selenite is almost completely ineffective. Selenite or tellurite determine a large mitochondrial permeability transition associated with thiol group oxidation. However, with increasing concentrations of both chalcogens, only about 25% of total thiols are oxidized. In isolated mitochondria, selenite or tellurite per se does not stimulate H(2)O(2) production, which, however, is increased by the presence of auranofin. They also determine a large oxidation of mitochondrial pyridine nucleotides. In ovarian cancer cells both chalcogens decrease the mitochondrial membrane potential. These results indicate that selenite and tellurite, interacting with the thiol-dependent enzymes, alter the balance connecting pyridine nucleotides and thiol redox state, consequently leading to mitochondrial and cellular alterations essentially referable to a disulfide stress

Interaction of selenite and tellurite with thiol-dependent redox enzymes: Kinetics and mitochondrial implications

RIGOBELLO, MARIA PIA;FOLDA, ALESSANDRA;CITTA, ANNA;SCUTARI, GUIDO;GANDIN, VALENTINA;MARZANO, CRISTINA;BINDOLI, ALBERTO
2011

Abstract

The interactions of selenite and tellurite with cytosolic and mitochondrial thioredoxin reductases (TrxR1 and TrxR2) and glutathione reductases (GR) from yeast and mammalian sources were explored. Both TrxR1 and TrxR2 act as selenite and tellurite reductases. Kinetic treatment shows that selenite has a greater affinity than tellurite with both TrxR1 and TrxR2. Considering both k(cat) and K(m), selenite shows a better catalytic efficiency than tellurite with TrxR1, whereas with TrxR2, the catalytic efficiency is similar for both chalcogens. Tellurite is a good substrate for GR, whereas selenite is almost completely ineffective. Selenite or tellurite determine a large mitochondrial permeability transition associated with thiol group oxidation. However, with increasing concentrations of both chalcogens, only about 25% of total thiols are oxidized. In isolated mitochondria, selenite or tellurite per se does not stimulate H(2)O(2) production, which, however, is increased by the presence of auranofin. They also determine a large oxidation of mitochondrial pyridine nucleotides. In ovarian cancer cells both chalcogens decrease the mitochondrial membrane potential. These results indicate that selenite and tellurite, interacting with the thiol-dependent enzymes, alter the balance connecting pyridine nucleotides and thiol redox state, consequently leading to mitochondrial and cellular alterations essentially referable to a disulfide stress
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2453339
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