INTRODUCTION: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common tumors worldwide. In the Western world the current epidemic of cirrhosis due to the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is increasing the number of new cases. Liver transplantation (OLTx) represents a radical treatment for HCC and the underlying cirrhosis. Whether adjuvant chemotherapy is indicated in the postoperative period to prevent recurrence is controversial. MATERIAL AND PATIENTS: Forty-eight HCC patients underwent liver transplantation during 11 years, including 21 who were chemo-treated (CT) patients. Thirty-one patients (65%) had post-necrotic virus-C cirrhosis (PNC-C). Twenty-one cases (44%) were p-TNM stages III-IV, and 15 cases (31%) incidental HCC detected in the explanted liver. Seven HCV patients (15%) received chemotherapy (before 1998). RESULTS: One-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rates were 100%, 85%, 79% (CT group), and 89%, 71%, 71% (no CT group), respectively. The HCV recurrence-free survival rates at 3, 6, and 12 months were 29%, 14%, 0% for the CT group, versus 76%, 38%, 25% for the no CT group (P =.005). CONCLUSIONS: Discontinuation of HCV-HCC patients by chemotherapeutic adjuvant protocols after transplantation appears rational due to the early hepatitis C recurrence confirmed in our series. Moreover, few studies have demonstrated that CT prolongs survival of HCC transplanted patients. New pharmacological approaches are necessary to solve these questions.

Adjuvant chemotherapy for transplanted hepatocellular carcinoma patients: impact on survival or HCV recurrence timing

VITALE A;BROLESE, ALBERTO;ZANUS, GIACOMO;D'AMICO, DAVIDE;CARRARO, AMEDEO;BURRA, PATRIZIA;CILLO, UMBERTO
2003

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common tumors worldwide. In the Western world the current epidemic of cirrhosis due to the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is increasing the number of new cases. Liver transplantation (OLTx) represents a radical treatment for HCC and the underlying cirrhosis. Whether adjuvant chemotherapy is indicated in the postoperative period to prevent recurrence is controversial. MATERIAL AND PATIENTS: Forty-eight HCC patients underwent liver transplantation during 11 years, including 21 who were chemo-treated (CT) patients. Thirty-one patients (65%) had post-necrotic virus-C cirrhosis (PNC-C). Twenty-one cases (44%) were p-TNM stages III-IV, and 15 cases (31%) incidental HCC detected in the explanted liver. Seven HCV patients (15%) received chemotherapy (before 1998). RESULTS: One-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rates were 100%, 85%, 79% (CT group), and 89%, 71%, 71% (no CT group), respectively. The HCV recurrence-free survival rates at 3, 6, and 12 months were 29%, 14%, 0% for the CT group, versus 76%, 38%, 25% for the no CT group (P =.005). CONCLUSIONS: Discontinuation of HCV-HCC patients by chemotherapeutic adjuvant protocols after transplantation appears rational due to the early hepatitis C recurrence confirmed in our series. Moreover, few studies have demonstrated that CT prolongs survival of HCC transplanted patients. New pharmacological approaches are necessary to solve these questions.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2453431
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 18
social impact