The following enzyme activities of the tryptophan-nicotinic acid pathway were studied in male New Zealand rabbits: liver tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase, intestine indole 2,3-dioxygenase, liver and kidney kynurenine 3-monooxygenase, kynureninase, kynurenine-oxoglutarate transaminase, 3-hydroxyanthranilate 3,4-dioxygenase, and aminocarboxymuconate-semialdehyde decarboxylase. Intestine superoxide dismutase and serum tryptophan were also determined. Liver tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase exists only as holoenzyme, but intestine indole 2,3-dioxygenase is very active and can be considered the key enzyme which determines how much tryptophan enters the kynurenine pathway also under physiological conditions. The elevated activity of indole 2,3-dioxygenase in the rabbit intestine could be related to the low activity of superoxide dismutase found in intestine. Kynurenine 3-monooxygenase appeared more active than kynurenine-oxoglutarate transaminase and kynureninase, suggesting that perhaps a major portion of kynurenine available from tryptophan may be metabolized to give 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid, the precursor of nicotinic acid. In fact, 3-hydroxyanthranilate 3,4-dioxygenase is much more active than the other previous enzymes of the kynurenine pathway. In the rabbit liver 3-hydroxyanthranilate 3,4-dioxygenase and aminocarboxymuconate-semialdehyde decarboxylase show similar activities, but in the kidney 3-hydroxyanthranilate 3,4-dioxygenase activity is almost double. These data suggest that in rabbit tryptophan is mainly metabolized along the kynurenine pathway. Therefore, the rabbit can also be a suitable model for studying tryptophan metabolism in pathological conditions.

Enzyme activities involved in tryptophan metabolism along the kynurenine pathway in rabbits

BERTAZZO, ANTONELLA;RAGAZZI, EUGENIO;COSTA, CARLO VIRGILIO LUIGI;ALLEGRI, GRAZIELLA
2001

Abstract

The following enzyme activities of the tryptophan-nicotinic acid pathway were studied in male New Zealand rabbits: liver tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase, intestine indole 2,3-dioxygenase, liver and kidney kynurenine 3-monooxygenase, kynureninase, kynurenine-oxoglutarate transaminase, 3-hydroxyanthranilate 3,4-dioxygenase, and aminocarboxymuconate-semialdehyde decarboxylase. Intestine superoxide dismutase and serum tryptophan were also determined. Liver tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase exists only as holoenzyme, but intestine indole 2,3-dioxygenase is very active and can be considered the key enzyme which determines how much tryptophan enters the kynurenine pathway also under physiological conditions. The elevated activity of indole 2,3-dioxygenase in the rabbit intestine could be related to the low activity of superoxide dismutase found in intestine. Kynurenine 3-monooxygenase appeared more active than kynurenine-oxoglutarate transaminase and kynureninase, suggesting that perhaps a major portion of kynurenine available from tryptophan may be metabolized to give 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid, the precursor of nicotinic acid. In fact, 3-hydroxyanthranilate 3,4-dioxygenase is much more active than the other previous enzymes of the kynurenine pathway. In the rabbit liver 3-hydroxyanthranilate 3,4-dioxygenase and aminocarboxymuconate-semialdehyde decarboxylase show similar activities, but in the kidney 3-hydroxyanthranilate 3,4-dioxygenase activity is almost double. These data suggest that in rabbit tryptophan is mainly metabolized along the kynurenine pathway. Therefore, the rabbit can also be a suitable model for studying tryptophan metabolism in pathological conditions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2454465
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