OBJECTIVE: BRAF V600E is a potential marker of poor prognosis in papillary thyroid cancers (PTC). In a previous report, we showed that recurrent PTC with no radioiodine ((131)I) uptake are frequently associated with BRAF mutations, a low expression of thyroid-related genes and a high expression of glucose type-1 transporter gene. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess BRAF status in a large series of recurrent PTC patients, considering paired primary and recurrent cancers. The BRAF genotype was correlated with the ability to concentrate (131)I and/or 2-[(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxi-d-glucose ((18)F-FDG) in the recurrent cancers, serum markers of recurrence, and patient outcome. DESIGN AND METHODS: We studied 50 PTC patients with recurrent cervical disease submitted to a re-intervention, followed up in median for 9 years. BRAF analysis was conducted by direct sequencing and mutant allele-specific PCR amplification. In 18 cases, molecular analysis was also assessed in the primary cancer. Out of 50 patients, 30 underwent (18)F-FDG-positron emission tomography-computed tomography. RESULTS: BRAF V600E-positive recurrent patients were found (131)I-negative in 94% of cases (P<0.001); 73% of the cancers carrying BRAF V600E were both (131)I-negative and (18)F-FDG positive. In paired primary and recurrent PTC, BRAF V600E was observed in 79% of the primary cancers and 84% of their recurrences. Three patients with (131)I-negative and BRAF V600E-positive recurrent cancers deceased during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: BRAF mutations are more common in thyroid recurrences with no (131)I uptake than in (131)I-positive cases. They are correlated with the ability to concentrate (18)F-FDG, and they can appear, albeit rarely, as a de novo event in the course of PTC recurrences.

BRAF in primary and recurrent papillary thyroid cancers the relationship with (131) 1 and 2 [(18)F] fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose uptake ability.

BAROLLO, SUSI;PENNELLI, GIANMARIA;WATUTANTRIGE FERNANDO, SARA;MERANTE BOSCHIN, ISABELLA;PELIZZO, MARIA ROSA;RUGGE, MASSIMO;MANTERO, FRANCO;GIRELLI, MARIA ELISA MARISA;BUSNARDO, BENEDETTO;MIAN, CATERINA
2010

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: BRAF V600E is a potential marker of poor prognosis in papillary thyroid cancers (PTC). In a previous report, we showed that recurrent PTC with no radioiodine ((131)I) uptake are frequently associated with BRAF mutations, a low expression of thyroid-related genes and a high expression of glucose type-1 transporter gene. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess BRAF status in a large series of recurrent PTC patients, considering paired primary and recurrent cancers. The BRAF genotype was correlated with the ability to concentrate (131)I and/or 2-[(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxi-d-glucose ((18)F-FDG) in the recurrent cancers, serum markers of recurrence, and patient outcome. DESIGN AND METHODS: We studied 50 PTC patients with recurrent cervical disease submitted to a re-intervention, followed up in median for 9 years. BRAF analysis was conducted by direct sequencing and mutant allele-specific PCR amplification. In 18 cases, molecular analysis was also assessed in the primary cancer. Out of 50 patients, 30 underwent (18)F-FDG-positron emission tomography-computed tomography. RESULTS: BRAF V600E-positive recurrent patients were found (131)I-negative in 94% of cases (P<0.001); 73% of the cancers carrying BRAF V600E were both (131)I-negative and (18)F-FDG positive. In paired primary and recurrent PTC, BRAF V600E was observed in 79% of the primary cancers and 84% of their recurrences. Three patients with (131)I-negative and BRAF V600E-positive recurrent cancers deceased during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: BRAF mutations are more common in thyroid recurrences with no (131)I uptake than in (131)I-positive cases. They are correlated with the ability to concentrate (18)F-FDG, and they can appear, albeit rarely, as a de novo event in the course of PTC recurrences.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2455169
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