Although non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) is considered a major cause of death, the role of some independent risk factors in diabetic patients is under debate. In fact the prognosis of NIDDM diabetes varies considerably in relation to the individual risk pattern, and the different studies are not directly comparable because of differences in size, age and geography of the samples, and type of statistical analysis. The aim of the study is to identify the independent predictors of mortality in a cohort of subjects with NIDDM, and to verify whether the relative risk (RR) of cardiovascular mortality is different in comparison to that of coeval non-diabetic subjects from a general population. The study includes 683 patients with NIDDM from the Northern Italian town of Pordenone, followed up for 6 years and age- and sex-matched to 683 non-diabetic subjects from a Northern Italian general population. When the two cohorts were compared, NIDDM turned out to be a strong risk factor for cardiovascular mortality (RR: 2.67). Age, coronary artery disease (RR: 1.78), arterial hypertension (RR: 1.39), macro- (RR: 2.97) and microalbuminuria (RR: 2.01) were independent predictors of cardiovascular mortality in the diabetics. In conclusion, survival of diabetic patients is worse than that of non-diabetic coeval subjects. Only few items are able to predict cardiovascular mortality in the diabetics, namely age, hypertension, CAD, macro- and microalbuminuria.

Cardiovascular mortality in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. A controlled study among 683 diabetics and 683 age- and sex-matched normal subjects

CASIGLIA, EDOARDO;MAZZA, ALBERTO;TIKHONOFF, VALERIE;PALATINI, PAOLO;
2000

Abstract

Although non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) is considered a major cause of death, the role of some independent risk factors in diabetic patients is under debate. In fact the prognosis of NIDDM diabetes varies considerably in relation to the individual risk pattern, and the different studies are not directly comparable because of differences in size, age and geography of the samples, and type of statistical analysis. The aim of the study is to identify the independent predictors of mortality in a cohort of subjects with NIDDM, and to verify whether the relative risk (RR) of cardiovascular mortality is different in comparison to that of coeval non-diabetic subjects from a general population. The study includes 683 patients with NIDDM from the Northern Italian town of Pordenone, followed up for 6 years and age- and sex-matched to 683 non-diabetic subjects from a Northern Italian general population. When the two cohorts were compared, NIDDM turned out to be a strong risk factor for cardiovascular mortality (RR: 2.67). Age, coronary artery disease (RR: 1.78), arterial hypertension (RR: 1.39), macro- (RR: 2.97) and microalbuminuria (RR: 2.01) were independent predictors of cardiovascular mortality in the diabetics. In conclusion, survival of diabetic patients is worse than that of non-diabetic coeval subjects. Only few items are able to predict cardiovascular mortality in the diabetics, namely age, hypertension, CAD, macro- and microalbuminuria.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2456013
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