We report the isolation of a new peach gene, Pp-MLP1, that shows significant similarity to a family of fruit- and flower-specific genes, designated as major latex protein (MLP) homologues. Transcript of Pp-MLP1 highly accumulated in cells of fruit pedicel, similar to lacticifers, adjacent to the abscission zone (non-abscission zone) and, to a lesser extent, in epicotyls, stems and roots, while no accumulation was detected in leaves. In contrast to the MLP homologues isolated so far, the Pp-MLP1 transcript was detected during fruit cells expansion, though its expression appeared unrelated to fruit ripening. Propylene treatment caused a decrease in mRNA accumulation of Pp-MLP1 in all tested tissues. The function of Pp-MLP1, as with all previously described MLP homologues, is unknown. MLPs are associated with fruit and flower development in addition to plant pathogenesis responses. Expression in tissues associated with abscission would be consistent with a role in implementing this aspect of floral development or possibly protective responses to plant pathogens which may infect post-abscission wounds. In addition, the high similarity between proteins encoding by Pp-MLP1 and Csf2, an MLP gene associated with the early development of cucumber fruit, could suggest an alternative developmental role such as cell and tissue expansion. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Characterization of a major latex protein (MLP) gene down regulated by ethylene during peach fruitlet abscission

RUPERTI, BENEDETTO;BONGHI, CLAUDIO;ZILIOTTO, FIORENZA;PAGNI, SILVANA;RASORI, ANGELA;VAROTTO, SERENA;TONUTTI, PIETRO;RAMINA, ANGELO
2002

Abstract

We report the isolation of a new peach gene, Pp-MLP1, that shows significant similarity to a family of fruit- and flower-specific genes, designated as major latex protein (MLP) homologues. Transcript of Pp-MLP1 highly accumulated in cells of fruit pedicel, similar to lacticifers, adjacent to the abscission zone (non-abscission zone) and, to a lesser extent, in epicotyls, stems and roots, while no accumulation was detected in leaves. In contrast to the MLP homologues isolated so far, the Pp-MLP1 transcript was detected during fruit cells expansion, though its expression appeared unrelated to fruit ripening. Propylene treatment caused a decrease in mRNA accumulation of Pp-MLP1 in all tested tissues. The function of Pp-MLP1, as with all previously described MLP homologues, is unknown. MLPs are associated with fruit and flower development in addition to plant pathogenesis responses. Expression in tissues associated with abscission would be consistent with a role in implementing this aspect of floral development or possibly protective responses to plant pathogens which may infect post-abscission wounds. In addition, the high similarity between proteins encoding by Pp-MLP1 and Csf2, an MLP gene associated with the early development of cucumber fruit, could suggest an alternative developmental role such as cell and tissue expansion. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2456025
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