The importance of hormones on body metabolism when physical exercise is carried out has been established for a long time. Growth hormone (GH) is crucial in energy metabolism as well as in body anabolism. Recent studies have increased our knowledge of GH's mechanisms of action. In particular, insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), the main hormone mediating the principal GH effects and other protein structures (i.e, the binding proteins related to these two hormones), has been recognized as playing a crucial role. The biochemical aspects relating to the molecules of the GH/IGF-I axis have been described here. Furthermore, the belief that GH and IGF-I enhance performance has induced an 'abuse' of GH land possibly of IGF-I) by competitive sports athletes and amateurs. The present study outlines the best methods available to uncover abuse, as well as a series of potential research projects to recognize doping. The review also underlines the principal variables measurable in the laboratory and summarizes published reference ranges of these parameters. These biochemical and laboratory profiles describe principal experimental approaches, with the hope that this will stimulate new ideas on the subject of detecting doping practices. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

CORRELATIONS OF GROWTH HORMONE (GH) AND INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR I (IGF-I): EFFECTS OF EXERCISE AND ABUSE BY ATHLETES

DE PALO, ELIO FRANCO;SPINELLA, PAOLO
2001

Abstract

The importance of hormones on body metabolism when physical exercise is carried out has been established for a long time. Growth hormone (GH) is crucial in energy metabolism as well as in body anabolism. Recent studies have increased our knowledge of GH's mechanisms of action. In particular, insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), the main hormone mediating the principal GH effects and other protein structures (i.e, the binding proteins related to these two hormones), has been recognized as playing a crucial role. The biochemical aspects relating to the molecules of the GH/IGF-I axis have been described here. Furthermore, the belief that GH and IGF-I enhance performance has induced an 'abuse' of GH land possibly of IGF-I) by competitive sports athletes and amateurs. The present study outlines the best methods available to uncover abuse, as well as a series of potential research projects to recognize doping. The review also underlines the principal variables measurable in the laboratory and summarizes published reference ranges of these parameters. These biochemical and laboratory profiles describe principal experimental approaches, with the hope that this will stimulate new ideas on the subject of detecting doping practices. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2456058
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