Uricase from Bacillus fastidiosus (UC) was covalently linked to linear PEG (PEG-1) (Mw 5 kDa), branched PEG (PEG-2) (Mw 10 kDa) and to poly(N-acryloylmorpholine) (PAcM) (Mw 6 kDa). The conjugation of UC with linear PEG and PAcM was accompanied by complete loss of enzymatic activity but, if uric acid as site protecting agent was included in the reaction mixture, the conjugate protein retained enzymatic activity. On the other hand, the modification with PEG-2 gave a conjugate that also maintained enzymatic activity in the absence of any active site protection. This behaviour must be related to hindrance of the branched polymer in reaching the enzyme active site. The UC conjugates exhibited increased resistance to proteolytic digestion while minor variations in the inhibitory constant, optimal pH, heat stability, affinity for substrate, were observed. Pharmacokinetic investigations in mice demonstrated increased residence time in blood for all the conjugates as compared with native uricase. Uricase conjugated with linear PEG was longer lasting in blood UC derivative, followed by branched PEG and the PAcM conjugates. Unconjugated uricase was rapidly removed from circulation. All these data are in favour of the use of the less known amphiphilic polymer PAcM as an alternative to PEGs in modification of enzymes devised for therapeutic applications.

Therapeutic proteins: a comparison of chemical and biological properties of uricase conjugated to linear or branched poly(ethylene glycol) and poly(N-acryloylmorpholine)

SCHIAVON, ODDONE;CALICETI, PAOLO;VERONESE, FRANCESCO
2000

Abstract

Uricase from Bacillus fastidiosus (UC) was covalently linked to linear PEG (PEG-1) (Mw 5 kDa), branched PEG (PEG-2) (Mw 10 kDa) and to poly(N-acryloylmorpholine) (PAcM) (Mw 6 kDa). The conjugation of UC with linear PEG and PAcM was accompanied by complete loss of enzymatic activity but, if uric acid as site protecting agent was included in the reaction mixture, the conjugate protein retained enzymatic activity. On the other hand, the modification with PEG-2 gave a conjugate that also maintained enzymatic activity in the absence of any active site protection. This behaviour must be related to hindrance of the branched polymer in reaching the enzyme active site. The UC conjugates exhibited increased resistance to proteolytic digestion while minor variations in the inhibitory constant, optimal pH, heat stability, affinity for substrate, were observed. Pharmacokinetic investigations in mice demonstrated increased residence time in blood for all the conjugates as compared with native uricase. Uricase conjugated with linear PEG was longer lasting in blood UC derivative, followed by branched PEG and the PAcM conjugates. Unconjugated uricase was rapidly removed from circulation. All these data are in favour of the use of the less known amphiphilic polymer PAcM as an alternative to PEGs in modification of enzymes devised for therapeutic applications.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2458713
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