The effectiveness of some mixtures of halogen-free flame retardants (i.e. expandable graphite, triethylphosphate and red phosphor-us) in flame retardancy of polyisocyanurate-polyurethane (PIR-PUR) foams, blown with n-pentane, has been investigated by means of DIN 4102-B2 and oxygen index tests. The thermal stability and mechanical properties of PIR-PUR filled foams have also been considered. The results showed that the introduction of increasing amounts of expandable graphite, into foams containing triethylphosphate or red phosphorus, causes a significant worsening of physical-mechanical properties. The fire behaviour characterisation has demonstrated that the introduction of such flame retardants as fillers leads to a great improvement particularly for foams filled with expandable graphite and triethylphosphate. Also significant improvement has been observed in thermal stability due to the presence of flame retardants.

Halogen-free flame retardants for polymeric foams

MODESTI, MICHELE;LORENZETTI, ALESSANDRA
2002

Abstract

The effectiveness of some mixtures of halogen-free flame retardants (i.e. expandable graphite, triethylphosphate and red phosphor-us) in flame retardancy of polyisocyanurate-polyurethane (PIR-PUR) foams, blown with n-pentane, has been investigated by means of DIN 4102-B2 and oxygen index tests. The thermal stability and mechanical properties of PIR-PUR filled foams have also been considered. The results showed that the introduction of increasing amounts of expandable graphite, into foams containing triethylphosphate or red phosphorus, causes a significant worsening of physical-mechanical properties. The fire behaviour characterisation has demonstrated that the introduction of such flame retardants as fillers leads to a great improvement particularly for foams filled with expandable graphite and triethylphosphate. Also significant improvement has been observed in thermal stability due to the presence of flame retardants.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2459058
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