PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the prognostic value of some clinical factors and to compare the survival of different treatment plans in patients with cervical lymph node metastases from occult squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of patients who were diagnosed as having cervical lymph node metastases from occult SCC. Overall cumulative survival was analyzed using the standard Kaplan-Meier method. Tests of significance were based on log-rank statistics. RESULTS: The 82 patients in the study consisted of 69 males (84.2%) and 13 females (15.8%). The average age at diagnosis was 64.7 years. Fifty patients (60.9%) underwent surgical treatment of cervical metastasis. Radiotherapy was performed in 79 patients. Thirty-two patients (40.5%) received primary fractioned external beam radiotherapy; 47 patients (59.5%) received postoperative fractioned external beam radiotherapy. Ipsilateral radiotherapy was performed on 37 patients (46.8%), bilateral neck plus mucosal irradiation was performed in 42 patients (53.2%). Ten patients (12.2%) developed a primary tumor during the follow-up. The actuarial survival rates of all patients 2, 5 and 10 years after diagnosis were 50.9, 25.3 and 18.5%, respectively. Patients with nodal stage N2b, N2c and N3 had a significantly poorer prognosis than those with nodal stage N1 and N2a (p = 0.0239). The survival in patients with metastatic nodes in the supraclavicular region (level IV) was significantly poorer than that of patients with involvement of the upper-middle jugular lymph nodes (p = 0.0003). We observed a statistically significant better survival in patients receiving bilateral neck plus mucosal irradiation (p = 0.0003). CONCLUSIONS: Initial N-category and metastasis localization were the most important prognostic factors and nodal relapse the major cause of treatment failure, thus optimal management of cervical nodes appears crucial for the success of treatment. Patients receiving bilateral neck plus mucosal irradiation had a higher survival rate than those who received ipsilateral irradiation.

Cervical lymph node metastases from occult squamous cell carcinoma: analysis of 82 cases

BOSCOLO RIZZO, PAOLO;DA MOSTO, MARIA CRISTINA;
2006

Abstract

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the prognostic value of some clinical factors and to compare the survival of different treatment plans in patients with cervical lymph node metastases from occult squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of patients who were diagnosed as having cervical lymph node metastases from occult SCC. Overall cumulative survival was analyzed using the standard Kaplan-Meier method. Tests of significance were based on log-rank statistics. RESULTS: The 82 patients in the study consisted of 69 males (84.2%) and 13 females (15.8%). The average age at diagnosis was 64.7 years. Fifty patients (60.9%) underwent surgical treatment of cervical metastasis. Radiotherapy was performed in 79 patients. Thirty-two patients (40.5%) received primary fractioned external beam radiotherapy; 47 patients (59.5%) received postoperative fractioned external beam radiotherapy. Ipsilateral radiotherapy was performed on 37 patients (46.8%), bilateral neck plus mucosal irradiation was performed in 42 patients (53.2%). Ten patients (12.2%) developed a primary tumor during the follow-up. The actuarial survival rates of all patients 2, 5 and 10 years after diagnosis were 50.9, 25.3 and 18.5%, respectively. Patients with nodal stage N2b, N2c and N3 had a significantly poorer prognosis than those with nodal stage N1 and N2a (p = 0.0239). The survival in patients with metastatic nodes in the supraclavicular region (level IV) was significantly poorer than that of patients with involvement of the upper-middle jugular lymph nodes (p = 0.0003). We observed a statistically significant better survival in patients receiving bilateral neck plus mucosal irradiation (p = 0.0003). CONCLUSIONS: Initial N-category and metastasis localization were the most important prognostic factors and nodal relapse the major cause of treatment failure, thus optimal management of cervical nodes appears crucial for the success of treatment. Patients receiving bilateral neck plus mucosal irradiation had a higher survival rate than those who received ipsilateral irradiation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2459081
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