Bafilomycin A1, a specific inhibitor of the vacuolar-type H(+)-ATPase, responsible for acidification of intracellular compartments, prevents the vacuolization of Hela cells induced by H. pylori, with an inhibitory concentration giving 50% of maximal (ID50) of 4 nM. Bafilomycin A1 is also very efficient in restoring vacuolated cells to a normal appearance. The vacuolating activity of Helicobacter pylori is not inhibited by a series of specific inhibitors of vacuolar H(+)-ATPases. These findings indicate that a transmembrane pH gradient is needed for the formation and growth of vacuoles caused by the bacterium and that this pH gradient is due to the activity of a vacuolar ATPase proton pump of HeLa cells.

BAFILOMYCIN-A1 INHIBITS HELICOBACTER-PYLORI-INDUCED VACUOLIZATION OF HELA-CELLS

PAPINI, EMANUELE;DE BERNARD, MARINA;MONTECUCCO, CESARE
1993

Abstract

Bafilomycin A1, a specific inhibitor of the vacuolar-type H(+)-ATPase, responsible for acidification of intracellular compartments, prevents the vacuolization of Hela cells induced by H. pylori, with an inhibitory concentration giving 50% of maximal (ID50) of 4 nM. Bafilomycin A1 is also very efficient in restoring vacuolated cells to a normal appearance. The vacuolating activity of Helicobacter pylori is not inhibited by a series of specific inhibitors of vacuolar H(+)-ATPases. These findings indicate that a transmembrane pH gradient is needed for the formation and growth of vacuoles caused by the bacterium and that this pH gradient is due to the activity of a vacuolar ATPase proton pump of HeLa cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2459506
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