Plasma nitrite (NO2-) and nitrate (NO3-) are the stable end-products of endogenous nitric oxide (NO) metabolism. NO is present in the exhaled air of humans, but it is not clear if exhaled NO may be an indicator of the systemic endogenous NO production. The aims of the study were to determine the levels of exhaled NO and plasma NO2-/NO3- in healthy term and preterm newborns, and to assess if exhaled NO correlates with plasma NO2-/NO3- at birth. After the stabilization of the newborn, we measured by chemiluminescence the concentration of NO in the mixed expired breath of 133 healthy newborns. Measurement of exhaled NO was repeated after 24 and 48 hours. Plasma NO2-/NO3- levels at birth were measured by the Griess reaction. NO concentrations were 8.9 (CI 8.1-9.8) parts per billion (ppb), 7.7 (CI 7.2-8.3) ppb and 9.0 (CI 8.4-9.6) ppb at birth, 24 and 48 hours, respectively. At birth, exhaled NO was inversely correlated with gestational age (p=0.008) and birth weight (p<0.001). Plasma NO2-/NO3- level was 27.30 (CI 24.26-30.34) micromol/L. There was no correlation between exhaled NO and plasma NO2-/NO3- levels at birth (p=0.88). We speculate that the inverse correlation between exhaled NO and gestational age and birth weight may reflect a role of NO in the postnatal adaptation of pulmonary circulation. At birth, exhaled NO does not correlate with plasma NO2-/NO3- and does not seem to be an index of the systemic endogenous NO production.

Mixed exhaled nitric oxideand plasma nitrites and nitrates in newborn infants

ZANGARDI, TIZIANA;BARALDI, EUGENIO;CHIANDETTI, LINO;ZACCHELLO, FRANCO
2001

Abstract

Plasma nitrite (NO2-) and nitrate (NO3-) are the stable end-products of endogenous nitric oxide (NO) metabolism. NO is present in the exhaled air of humans, but it is not clear if exhaled NO may be an indicator of the systemic endogenous NO production. The aims of the study were to determine the levels of exhaled NO and plasma NO2-/NO3- in healthy term and preterm newborns, and to assess if exhaled NO correlates with plasma NO2-/NO3- at birth. After the stabilization of the newborn, we measured by chemiluminescence the concentration of NO in the mixed expired breath of 133 healthy newborns. Measurement of exhaled NO was repeated after 24 and 48 hours. Plasma NO2-/NO3- levels at birth were measured by the Griess reaction. NO concentrations were 8.9 (CI 8.1-9.8) parts per billion (ppb), 7.7 (CI 7.2-8.3) ppb and 9.0 (CI 8.4-9.6) ppb at birth, 24 and 48 hours, respectively. At birth, exhaled NO was inversely correlated with gestational age (p=0.008) and birth weight (p<0.001). Plasma NO2-/NO3- level was 27.30 (CI 24.26-30.34) micromol/L. There was no correlation between exhaled NO and plasma NO2-/NO3- levels at birth (p=0.88). We speculate that the inverse correlation between exhaled NO and gestational age and birth weight may reflect a role of NO in the postnatal adaptation of pulmonary circulation. At birth, exhaled NO does not correlate with plasma NO2-/NO3- and does not seem to be an index of the systemic endogenous NO production.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2459534
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