Abstract Coinfection with hepatitis B and C viruses (HBV, HCV) is not uncommon, but the expression of HBV antigens in the liver of patients with concomitant HCV infection has not been investigated. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of concomitant HCV infection on the intrahepatic expression of HBV antigens in chronic hepatitis. HBV surface and core antigens (HBsAg, HBcAg) were immunohistochemically evaluated and semiquantitatively scored in liver biopsy specimens from patients with chronic hepatitis, comprising 17 cases with dual HBV/HCV infection and 25 with HBV infection alone. The prevalence of HBV Ag expression proved significantly lower in the group with dual infection. In the presence of active HBV replication (HBV DNA-positive serum) the prevalence of HBsAg and HBcAg immunoreaction was similar in the two groups, though a significantly lower percentage of cells expressed HBcAg in the group of coinfected patients. HBV Ag was not detected at all among HBV DNA-negative/HCV RNA-positive cases. In conclusion, these observations suggest that HCV might influence HBV antigen expression in the liver and that either partial or complete suppression might occur.

Intrahepatic expression of hepatitis B virus antigens: Effect of hepatitis C virus infection

GUIDO, MARIA;CECCHETTO, ATTILIO;RUGGE, MASSIMO
1999

Abstract

Abstract Coinfection with hepatitis B and C viruses (HBV, HCV) is not uncommon, but the expression of HBV antigens in the liver of patients with concomitant HCV infection has not been investigated. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of concomitant HCV infection on the intrahepatic expression of HBV antigens in chronic hepatitis. HBV surface and core antigens (HBsAg, HBcAg) were immunohistochemically evaluated and semiquantitatively scored in liver biopsy specimens from patients with chronic hepatitis, comprising 17 cases with dual HBV/HCV infection and 25 with HBV infection alone. The prevalence of HBV Ag expression proved significantly lower in the group with dual infection. In the presence of active HBV replication (HBV DNA-positive serum) the prevalence of HBsAg and HBcAg immunoreaction was similar in the two groups, though a significantly lower percentage of cells expressed HBcAg in the group of coinfected patients. HBV Ag was not detected at all among HBV DNA-negative/HCV RNA-positive cases. In conclusion, these observations suggest that HCV might influence HBV antigen expression in the liver and that either partial or complete suppression might occur.
1999
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2460265
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