Cells treated with the VacA toxin from Helicobacter pylori develop large membrane-bound vacuoles that originate from the late endocytotic pathway. Using different experimental approaches, we showed that VacA can induce vacuoles by acting within the cell cytosol. Moreover, separation of VacA-induced vacuoles at an early stage of formation, using a novel isopycnic density ultracentrifugation method, allowed us to show that they resemble a hybrid compartment, containing elements of both late endosomes and lysosomes. Functional defects of the endocytotic pathway were also studied before any macroscopic vacuolation is evident. VacA-intoxicated cells degrade extracellular ligands with reduced efficiency and, at the same time, they secrete acidic hydrolases into the extracellular medium, normally sorted to lysosomes. All these findings indicate that VacA translocates into the cell cytosol where it causes a lesion of the late endosomal/lysosomal compartments, such that protein trafficking across this crucial cross-point is altered with consequences that may be relevant to the pathogenesis of gastroduodenal ulcers.

Action site and cellular effects of cytotoxin VacA produced by Helicobacter pylori

PAPINI, EMANUELE;DE BERNARD, MARINA;MONTECUCCO, CESARE
1998

Abstract

Cells treated with the VacA toxin from Helicobacter pylori develop large membrane-bound vacuoles that originate from the late endocytotic pathway. Using different experimental approaches, we showed that VacA can induce vacuoles by acting within the cell cytosol. Moreover, separation of VacA-induced vacuoles at an early stage of formation, using a novel isopycnic density ultracentrifugation method, allowed us to show that they resemble a hybrid compartment, containing elements of both late endosomes and lysosomes. Functional defects of the endocytotic pathway were also studied before any macroscopic vacuolation is evident. VacA-intoxicated cells degrade extracellular ligands with reduced efficiency and, at the same time, they secrete acidic hydrolases into the extracellular medium, normally sorted to lysosomes. All these findings indicate that VacA translocates into the cell cytosol where it causes a lesion of the late endosomal/lysosomal compartments, such that protein trafficking across this crucial cross-point is altered with consequences that may be relevant to the pathogenesis of gastroduodenal ulcers.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2460772
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