This study presents a new measure of the hemodynamic changes to an auditory stimulus in newborns. Nineteen newborns born at 28-41 wk and aged 1 to 49 d were studied in waking and/or sleeping state, for a median time of 4 min 40 s before, 2 min 40 s during, and 3 min 5 s after an acustic stimulus (tonal sweep of frequency increasing from 2 to 4 kHz, intensity 90 dB SPL) originating 5 cm from the external auditory meatus. The emitter and detector optodes were placed over the left or right temporal region, corresponding to T3 or T4 EEG electrodes. The concentration changes in cerebral chromophores Delta[HbO2], Delta[Hb] and Deltaoxidized-reduced cytochrome aa(3) were recorded every 5 s. Changes in cerebral blood volume were calculated from the changes in total Hb x 0.89/large vessel Hb concentration. Increased oxyhemoglobin, Delta[HbO2], total Hb, Delta[Hb (sum)], and cerebral blood volume, DeltaCBV, were found in 13/19 neonates, with the exception of a neonate who only had increased in Delta[Hb], Delta[Hb (sum)] and DeltaCBV. During the stimulation phase there was a significant increase in DeltaCBV (t test, p = 0.00006) in the responsive newborns from a mean value of 0.006 (+/-0.02) mL/100 g in the pretest phase to 0.09 (+/-0.06) mL/100 g during the auditory stimulus. After the test DeltaCBV decreased to 0.04 (+/-0.07) mL/100 g (t test, p = 0.01), so did Delta[Hb (sum)] (p = 0.02). Hemodynamic responses of the subjects who showed increases in Delta[Hb (sum)] and Delta[HbO(2)] were analyzed to study the Delta[Hb]. The responder subjects could be classified into two groups according to Delta[Hb] changes: 8/13 (61.5%) showed an increase of Delta[Hb] (pattern A), while 5/13 (38.4%) showed a decrease (pattern B) (t test, p = 0.03). These two patterns did not show differences related to Delta[HbO(2)] and Delta[Hb (sum)]. The DeltaCBV changes in nonresponders presented a decrease during the test phase (t test, p = 0.04). CBV did not return to pretest values, suggesting a fronto-temporal brain pathway for storing unusual sounds. The increase in CBV followed the local increase in oxyhemoglobin and total Hb concentrations due to a greater use of oxygen in the homolateral temporal cortex of the newborns.

Brain auditory activation measured by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in neonates

CHIANDETTI, LINO;
2001

Abstract

This study presents a new measure of the hemodynamic changes to an auditory stimulus in newborns. Nineteen newborns born at 28-41 wk and aged 1 to 49 d were studied in waking and/or sleeping state, for a median time of 4 min 40 s before, 2 min 40 s during, and 3 min 5 s after an acustic stimulus (tonal sweep of frequency increasing from 2 to 4 kHz, intensity 90 dB SPL) originating 5 cm from the external auditory meatus. The emitter and detector optodes were placed over the left or right temporal region, corresponding to T3 or T4 EEG electrodes. The concentration changes in cerebral chromophores Delta[HbO2], Delta[Hb] and Deltaoxidized-reduced cytochrome aa(3) were recorded every 5 s. Changes in cerebral blood volume were calculated from the changes in total Hb x 0.89/large vessel Hb concentration. Increased oxyhemoglobin, Delta[HbO2], total Hb, Delta[Hb (sum)], and cerebral blood volume, DeltaCBV, were found in 13/19 neonates, with the exception of a neonate who only had increased in Delta[Hb], Delta[Hb (sum)] and DeltaCBV. During the stimulation phase there was a significant increase in DeltaCBV (t test, p = 0.00006) in the responsive newborns from a mean value of 0.006 (+/-0.02) mL/100 g in the pretest phase to 0.09 (+/-0.06) mL/100 g during the auditory stimulus. After the test DeltaCBV decreased to 0.04 (+/-0.07) mL/100 g (t test, p = 0.01), so did Delta[Hb (sum)] (p = 0.02). Hemodynamic responses of the subjects who showed increases in Delta[Hb (sum)] and Delta[HbO(2)] were analyzed to study the Delta[Hb]. The responder subjects could be classified into two groups according to Delta[Hb] changes: 8/13 (61.5%) showed an increase of Delta[Hb] (pattern A), while 5/13 (38.4%) showed a decrease (pattern B) (t test, p = 0.03). These two patterns did not show differences related to Delta[HbO(2)] and Delta[Hb (sum)]. The DeltaCBV changes in nonresponders presented a decrease during the test phase (t test, p = 0.04). CBV did not return to pretest values, suggesting a fronto-temporal brain pathway for storing unusual sounds. The increase in CBV followed the local increase in oxyhemoglobin and total Hb concentrations due to a greater use of oxygen in the homolateral temporal cortex of the newborns.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2460897
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