OBJECTIVES: A lower ratio in the classic activated protein C resistance (APC-R) test has been reported during pregnancy, which has been called 'acquired' APC-R. However, little is known about the cause of the lowered ratio, and whether or not there is a correlation with blood coagulation activation. The primary objective of our study was to determine changes in APC-R levels in each of the trimesters of normal pregnancy. The secondary objective was to confirm whether APC-R levels were lower in pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia than in a control group. Finally, this prospective study was performed to investigate the prevalence of APC-R among pregnant women and to elucidate its obstetric consequences. METHODS: We enrolled 35 healthy pregnant women and 47 pregnant women affected by pre-eclampsia in our study. The following laboratory tests were performed: prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time, fibrinogen levels, antithrombin III, plasmatic fibronectin (as a marker of endothelial damage), haptoglobin (as a marker of intravascular haemolysis), a functional test for APC-R and analysis of factor V Leiden mutation by polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The activated protein C sensitivity ratio was lower in the pathological group than in the control group (p = 0.008 and p = 0.02, respectively). Plasmatic fibronectin was found to be higher in the pathological group than in the control group (p = 0.05). Finally, the overall prevalence of factor V Leiden mutation was 5.4%, i.e. 2/35 women (5.7%) in the control group and 3/47 women in the pathological group (6.38%). CONCLUSIONS: The APC ratio decreased after 20 weeks of gestation until week 42. This decrease was most pronounced in the third trimester, in which resistance was demonstrated in 34.2% of control group patients. In pre-eclampsia, we found a greater reduction of the APC ratio than in controls. We hypothesise that this is due to a decrease in the plasmatic levels of coagulation inhibitors and an increase in coagulatory factors.

Activated protein C resistance in normal and pre-eclamptic pregnancies

PATERNOSTER, DELIA MARIA;SIMIONI, PAOLO;GIROLAMI, ANTONIO;SNIJDERS, DEBORAH
2002

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: A lower ratio in the classic activated protein C resistance (APC-R) test has been reported during pregnancy, which has been called 'acquired' APC-R. However, little is known about the cause of the lowered ratio, and whether or not there is a correlation with blood coagulation activation. The primary objective of our study was to determine changes in APC-R levels in each of the trimesters of normal pregnancy. The secondary objective was to confirm whether APC-R levels were lower in pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia than in a control group. Finally, this prospective study was performed to investigate the prevalence of APC-R among pregnant women and to elucidate its obstetric consequences. METHODS: We enrolled 35 healthy pregnant women and 47 pregnant women affected by pre-eclampsia in our study. The following laboratory tests were performed: prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time, fibrinogen levels, antithrombin III, plasmatic fibronectin (as a marker of endothelial damage), haptoglobin (as a marker of intravascular haemolysis), a functional test for APC-R and analysis of factor V Leiden mutation by polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The activated protein C sensitivity ratio was lower in the pathological group than in the control group (p = 0.008 and p = 0.02, respectively). Plasmatic fibronectin was found to be higher in the pathological group than in the control group (p = 0.05). Finally, the overall prevalence of factor V Leiden mutation was 5.4%, i.e. 2/35 women (5.7%) in the control group and 3/47 women in the pathological group (6.38%). CONCLUSIONS: The APC ratio decreased after 20 weeks of gestation until week 42. This decrease was most pronounced in the third trimester, in which resistance was demonstrated in 34.2% of control group patients. In pre-eclampsia, we found a greater reduction of the APC ratio than in controls. We hypothesise that this is due to a decrease in the plasmatic levels of coagulation inhibitors and an increase in coagulatory factors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2460925
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