We evaluated the agreement between ultrasonographic characteristics of the corpus luteum (CL) and plasma progesterone (P4) concentration in dairy cows. In Phase I of the study, the ovaries of 8 cows were ultrasonographically examined, and P4 was analyzed daily from estrus (Day 0) to Day 4, then at Day 7 and Day 10, and again daily from Day 17 to the onset of next estrus. In Phase 2, the ovaries of 157 randomly selected Friesian cows were examined once by ultrasonography, and blood samples collected concurrently were analyzed for plasma P4. On the basis of the P4 values, the function of CLs was classified as follows: 1) non-secretory CL when plasma P4 was lower than 1 ng/mL (n=41); 2) evolving CL when plasma P4 was between 1 and 4 ng/mL (n=55); and 3) mid-cycle CL when plasma P4 was more than 4 ng/mL (n=61). On the basis of ultrasonographic examination, 3 additional groups were established (absence of CL, evolving CL, midcycle CL). Ultrasonographic characteristics and size of Day 3 to 4 CLs and their respective plasma P4 concentrations were not distinguishable from those of CLs observed 3 to 4 d before the subsequent estrus. The degree of agreement between the two classification was 72%. The data indicate that the functional classification of CLs is difficult to determine based on ultrasonography alone.

Agreement between ultrasonographic classification of the CL and plasma progesterone concentration in dairy cows

GABAI, GIANFRANCO;MOLLO, ANTONIO;BONO, GABRIELE
1999

Abstract

We evaluated the agreement between ultrasonographic characteristics of the corpus luteum (CL) and plasma progesterone (P4) concentration in dairy cows. In Phase I of the study, the ovaries of 8 cows were ultrasonographically examined, and P4 was analyzed daily from estrus (Day 0) to Day 4, then at Day 7 and Day 10, and again daily from Day 17 to the onset of next estrus. In Phase 2, the ovaries of 157 randomly selected Friesian cows were examined once by ultrasonography, and blood samples collected concurrently were analyzed for plasma P4. On the basis of the P4 values, the function of CLs was classified as follows: 1) non-secretory CL when plasma P4 was lower than 1 ng/mL (n=41); 2) evolving CL when plasma P4 was between 1 and 4 ng/mL (n=55); and 3) mid-cycle CL when plasma P4 was more than 4 ng/mL (n=61). On the basis of ultrasonographic examination, 3 additional groups were established (absence of CL, evolving CL, midcycle CL). Ultrasonographic characteristics and size of Day 3 to 4 CLs and their respective plasma P4 concentrations were not distinguishable from those of CLs observed 3 to 4 d before the subsequent estrus. The degree of agreement between the two classification was 72%. The data indicate that the functional classification of CLs is difficult to determine based on ultrasonography alone.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2461484
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