Abstract Gene therapy of cancer has become a major interest of medical research since more than 60% of the ongoing gene therapy protocols today involve cancer patients. To increase the therapeutic index of cancer gene therapy, targeting strategies have been developed to ensure that the expression of therapeutic genes is restricted exclusively to the tissue of interest. An attractive approach lies in the possibility to control the expression of therapeutic genes at the transcriptional level by the introduction of tissue-specific or tumor-specific enhancers/promoters offers. We have developed transcriptionally targeted vectors for gene therapy of solid tumors, including malignant gliomas and epithelial thyroid tumors. The choice of these tumor types relies on their clinical impact, ie, morbidity and mortality, the lack of effective conventional therapeutic strategies, and the ability of these tumors to express tissue/tumor-specific genes, whose transcriptional control elements (enhancer/promoter) may be used for achieving selective transgene expression. Here we report our clinical and preclinical experience in gene therapy of brain and thyroid tumors, and review the literature published on this topic.

Gene therapy of brain and endocrine tumors

PALU', GIORGIO;BONAGURO, ROBERTA;FRANCHIN, ELISA;BARZON, LUISA
2001

Abstract

Abstract Gene therapy of cancer has become a major interest of medical research since more than 60% of the ongoing gene therapy protocols today involve cancer patients. To increase the therapeutic index of cancer gene therapy, targeting strategies have been developed to ensure that the expression of therapeutic genes is restricted exclusively to the tissue of interest. An attractive approach lies in the possibility to control the expression of therapeutic genes at the transcriptional level by the introduction of tissue-specific or tumor-specific enhancers/promoters offers. We have developed transcriptionally targeted vectors for gene therapy of solid tumors, including malignant gliomas and epithelial thyroid tumors. The choice of these tumor types relies on their clinical impact, ie, morbidity and mortality, the lack of effective conventional therapeutic strategies, and the ability of these tumors to express tissue/tumor-specific genes, whose transcriptional control elements (enhancer/promoter) may be used for achieving selective transgene expression. Here we report our clinical and preclinical experience in gene therapy of brain and thyroid tumors, and review the literature published on this topic.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2461525
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