Canrenone is a major active metabolite of spironolactone and, in addition to the antimineralocorticoid effect, shares with the parent compound the action as a partial agonist with respect to ouabain on the Na+-K+ ATPase. We have investigated whether canrenone, through its action on Na+-K+ ATPase, reverses rat aorta contractions induced by ouabain and has vasorelaxant properties unrelated to its interaction with ouabain. Contractile responses of endothelium-deprived aorta to 1 mM ouabain, 0.1 microM phenylephrine, 10 microM serotonin, and 60 mM K+ were relaxed by canrenone (50-250 microM), with maximum inhibitions of 85.3%, 55.3%, 56.7%, and 64.2%, respectively. Canrenone shifted to the right the concentration-response curve for Ca2+ in depolarized aorta and did not affect the response to 10 mM caffeine. In rat right ventricular strips driven at 0.1 Hz, canrenone exerted negative inotropic effect. The relaxation of ouabain-induced contraction may be due, at least in part, to an interaction between canrenone and ouabain on the Na+-K+ ATPase. Inhibition of calcium entry through calcium channels either in aorta or ventricles is the most parsimonious hypothesis of mechanism underlying the effect of canrenone on contractile responses of rat aorta to agonists and high K+ and the negative inotropic effect on ventricular strips.

Effect of canrenone on aorta and right ventricle of the rat

CARGNELLI, GABRIELLA;TREVISI, LUCIA;DEBETTO, PATRIZIA;LUCIANI, SISTO;BOVA, SERGIO
2001

Abstract

Canrenone is a major active metabolite of spironolactone and, in addition to the antimineralocorticoid effect, shares with the parent compound the action as a partial agonist with respect to ouabain on the Na+-K+ ATPase. We have investigated whether canrenone, through its action on Na+-K+ ATPase, reverses rat aorta contractions induced by ouabain and has vasorelaxant properties unrelated to its interaction with ouabain. Contractile responses of endothelium-deprived aorta to 1 mM ouabain, 0.1 microM phenylephrine, 10 microM serotonin, and 60 mM K+ were relaxed by canrenone (50-250 microM), with maximum inhibitions of 85.3%, 55.3%, 56.7%, and 64.2%, respectively. Canrenone shifted to the right the concentration-response curve for Ca2+ in depolarized aorta and did not affect the response to 10 mM caffeine. In rat right ventricular strips driven at 0.1 Hz, canrenone exerted negative inotropic effect. The relaxation of ouabain-induced contraction may be due, at least in part, to an interaction between canrenone and ouabain on the Na+-K+ ATPase. Inhibition of calcium entry through calcium channels either in aorta or ventricles is the most parsimonious hypothesis of mechanism underlying the effect of canrenone on contractile responses of rat aorta to agonists and high K+ and the negative inotropic effect on ventricular strips.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2461632
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