BACKGROUND: Patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis from gastric carcinoma have a dismal prognosis. Hyperthermic intraperitoneal intraoperative chemotherapy (HIIC) has been proposed to treat residual disease after cytoreductive surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 1998 through July 2002, 13 patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis from gastric cancer underwent complete cytoreductive surgery followed by HIIC. Chemo-hyperthermia was performed using mitomicin C (3.3 mg/m2) and cisplatin (25 mg m2) for 90 minutes, at a mean intraperitoneal temperature of 41.7 degrees C. RESULTS: No postoperative death was observed. Moderate locoregional toxicity (ileus) was observed in eight cases (42%), while two patients (10%) experienced mild systemic toxicity (myelosuppression or fever). Postoperative complication rate was 26% (pleural effusion, n = 4; septicemia = 1). Median overall survival was 15 months, and the median local progression free survival was 10 months. CONCLUSIONS: Cytoreductive surgery followed by HIIC resulted a feasible procedure, the overall morbidity rate being acceptable. Although the study was conducted in a subset of patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis from gastric cancer (resectable disease), survival results are encouraging.

Hyperthermic intraperitoneal intraoperative chemotherapy for peritoneal carcinomatosis arising from gastric adenocarcinoma

ROSSI, CARLO RICCARDO;PILATI, PIERLUIGI;MOCELLIN, SIMONE;FOLETTO, MIRTO;ORI, CARLO;NITTI, DONATO;LISE, MARIO
2003

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis from gastric carcinoma have a dismal prognosis. Hyperthermic intraperitoneal intraoperative chemotherapy (HIIC) has been proposed to treat residual disease after cytoreductive surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 1998 through July 2002, 13 patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis from gastric cancer underwent complete cytoreductive surgery followed by HIIC. Chemo-hyperthermia was performed using mitomicin C (3.3 mg/m2) and cisplatin (25 mg m2) for 90 minutes, at a mean intraperitoneal temperature of 41.7 degrees C. RESULTS: No postoperative death was observed. Moderate locoregional toxicity (ileus) was observed in eight cases (42%), while two patients (10%) experienced mild systemic toxicity (myelosuppression or fever). Postoperative complication rate was 26% (pleural effusion, n = 4; septicemia = 1). Median overall survival was 15 months, and the median local progression free survival was 10 months. CONCLUSIONS: Cytoreductive surgery followed by HIIC resulted a feasible procedure, the overall morbidity rate being acceptable. Although the study was conducted in a subset of patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis from gastric cancer (resectable disease), survival results are encouraging.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2461636
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