The involvement of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MTP) in cellular processes is generally investigated by indirect means, such as changes in mitochondrial membrane potential or pharmacological inhibition. However, such effects could not be related univocally to MTP. In addition, source of errors could be represented by the increased retention of membrane potential probes induced by cyclosporin A (CsA) and the interactions between fluorescent probes. We developed a direct technique for monitoring MTP. Cells were co-loaded with calcein-AM and CoCl2, resulting in the quenching of the cytosolic signal without affecting the mitochondrial fluorescence. MTP inducers caused a rapid decrease in mitochondrial calcein fluorescence which, however, was not completely prevented by CsA. Besides the large and rapid efflux of calcein induced by MTP agonists, we also observed a constant and spontaneous decrease of mitochondrial calcein which was completely prevented by CsA. Thus, MTP likely fluctuates between open and closed states in intact cells.

Imaging the mitochondrial permeability transition pore in intact cells

MIOTTO, GIOVANNI;CANTON, MARCELLA;COLONNA, RAFFAELE;BERNARDI, PAOLO;DI LISA F.
1998

Abstract

The involvement of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MTP) in cellular processes is generally investigated by indirect means, such as changes in mitochondrial membrane potential or pharmacological inhibition. However, such effects could not be related univocally to MTP. In addition, source of errors could be represented by the increased retention of membrane potential probes induced by cyclosporin A (CsA) and the interactions between fluorescent probes. We developed a direct technique for monitoring MTP. Cells were co-loaded with calcein-AM and CoCl2, resulting in the quenching of the cytosolic signal without affecting the mitochondrial fluorescence. MTP inducers caused a rapid decrease in mitochondrial calcein fluorescence which, however, was not completely prevented by CsA. Besides the large and rapid efflux of calcein induced by MTP agonists, we also observed a constant and spontaneous decrease of mitochondrial calcein which was completely prevented by CsA. Thus, MTP likely fluctuates between open and closed states in intact cells.
1998
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2462174
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