1,6-Dimethyl-4-hydroxy-3-pyridinecarboxylic acid (DQ716) and 4-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-pyridinecarboxylic acid (DQ2) were evaluated for possible application to iron (Fe) and aluminium (Al) chelation therapy. Metal/ligand solution chemistry, electrochemistry, cytotoxicity, octanol/water partitioning (Do/w), and chelation efficiency, were studied. The Fe(III)/DQ716, Fe(III)/DQ2, Al(III)/DQ716, and Al(III)/DQ2 solution chemistry was investigated in aqueous 0.6 mol kg-1 (Na)Cl at 25 ◦C by means of potentiometric titrations, UV-vis spectrophotometry, and 1H-NMR spectroscopy. DQ716 exhibited the highest coordination efficiency towards Fe(III) andAl(III) among all hydroxypyridinecarboxylic acids examined so far, whereas DQ2 complexes were significantly less stable. These results were confirmed by chelation efficiency measurements performed in an octanol–aqueous solution in the presence of those ligands and metals. Partitioning experiments at pH 7.4 showed both DQ716 and DQ2, and their Fe(III) andAl(III) complexes, to be hydrophilic. According to the voltammetric data, the free ligands (DQ716 and DQ2) and their metal complexes are not predicted to undergo redox cycling at in vivo conditions. The standard reduction potentials of these complexes, and the kinetics of their formation and dissociation, were obtained. The toxicity of DQ716 and of DQ2 was investigated with human cancer cell lines and normal human fibroblasts. Cytotoxic effects were observed only for DQ2 at 0.1 mM, following 3 d exposure. According to our results, DQ716 has the required favourable properties to be a chelating agent for Fe and Al.

1,6-Dimethyl-4-hydroxy-3-pyridinecarboxylic acid and 4-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-pyridinecarboxylic acid as new possible chelating agents for iron and aluminium.

DEAN, ANNALISA;FERLIN, MARIA GRAZIA;BRUN, PAOLA;CASTAGLIUOLO, IGNAZIO;BADOCCO, DENIS;PASTORE, PAOLO;BOMBI, GIUSEPPE GIORGIO;DI MARCO, VALERIO
2009

Abstract

1,6-Dimethyl-4-hydroxy-3-pyridinecarboxylic acid (DQ716) and 4-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-pyridinecarboxylic acid (DQ2) were evaluated for possible application to iron (Fe) and aluminium (Al) chelation therapy. Metal/ligand solution chemistry, electrochemistry, cytotoxicity, octanol/water partitioning (Do/w), and chelation efficiency, were studied. The Fe(III)/DQ716, Fe(III)/DQ2, Al(III)/DQ716, and Al(III)/DQ2 solution chemistry was investigated in aqueous 0.6 mol kg-1 (Na)Cl at 25 ◦C by means of potentiometric titrations, UV-vis spectrophotometry, and 1H-NMR spectroscopy. DQ716 exhibited the highest coordination efficiency towards Fe(III) andAl(III) among all hydroxypyridinecarboxylic acids examined so far, whereas DQ2 complexes were significantly less stable. These results were confirmed by chelation efficiency measurements performed in an octanol–aqueous solution in the presence of those ligands and metals. Partitioning experiments at pH 7.4 showed both DQ716 and DQ2, and their Fe(III) andAl(III) complexes, to be hydrophilic. According to the voltammetric data, the free ligands (DQ716 and DQ2) and their metal complexes are not predicted to undergo redox cycling at in vivo conditions. The standard reduction potentials of these complexes, and the kinetics of their formation and dissociation, were obtained. The toxicity of DQ716 and of DQ2 was investigated with human cancer cell lines and normal human fibroblasts. Cytotoxic effects were observed only for DQ2 at 0.1 mM, following 3 d exposure. According to our results, DQ716 has the required favourable properties to be a chelating agent for Fe and Al.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2462208
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