To evaluate the ability of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations using atomic force-fields to correctly predict stable folded conformations of a peptide in solution, we show results from MD simulations of the reversible folding of an octapeptide rich in alpha-aminoisobutyric acid (2-amino-2-methyl-propanoic acid, Aib) solvated in di-methyl-sulfoxide (DMSO). This solvent generally prevents the formation of secondary structure, whereas Aib-rich peptides show a high propensity to form secondary structural elements, in particular 3(10)- and alpha-helical structures. Aib is, moreover, achiral, so that Aib-rich peptides can form left- or right-handed helices depending on the overall composition of the peptide, the temperature, and the solvation conditions. This makes the system an interesting case to study the ensembles of peptide conformations as a function of temperature by MD simulation. Simulations involving the folding and unfolding of the peptide were performed starting from two initial structures, a right-handed alpha-helical structure and an extended structure, at three temperatures, 298 K, 340 K, and 380 K, and the results are compared with experimental nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) data measured at 298 K and 340 K. The simulations generally reproduce the available experimental nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) data, even when a wide range of conformations is sampled at each temperature. The importance of adequate statistical sampling in order to reliably interpret the experimental data is discussed.

Folding Study of an Aib-rich Peptide in DMSO by Molecular Dynamics Simulations

BELLANDA, MASSIMO;MAMMI, STEFANO;PEGGION, EVARISTO;
2001

Abstract

To evaluate the ability of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations using atomic force-fields to correctly predict stable folded conformations of a peptide in solution, we show results from MD simulations of the reversible folding of an octapeptide rich in alpha-aminoisobutyric acid (2-amino-2-methyl-propanoic acid, Aib) solvated in di-methyl-sulfoxide (DMSO). This solvent generally prevents the formation of secondary structure, whereas Aib-rich peptides show a high propensity to form secondary structural elements, in particular 3(10)- and alpha-helical structures. Aib is, moreover, achiral, so that Aib-rich peptides can form left- or right-handed helices depending on the overall composition of the peptide, the temperature, and the solvation conditions. This makes the system an interesting case to study the ensembles of peptide conformations as a function of temperature by MD simulation. Simulations involving the folding and unfolding of the peptide were performed starting from two initial structures, a right-handed alpha-helical structure and an extended structure, at three temperatures, 298 K, 340 K, and 380 K, and the results are compared with experimental nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) data measured at 298 K and 340 K. The simulations generally reproduce the available experimental nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) data, even when a wide range of conformations is sampled at each temperature. The importance of adequate statistical sampling in order to reliably interpret the experimental data is discussed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2462614
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