Several strains of Vibrio cholerae secrete a haemolytic toxin of 63 kDa, termed V. cholerae cytolysin (VCC). This toxin causes extensive vacuolation and death of cells in culture and forms an anion-selective channel in planar lipid bilayers and in cells. Here, we identify inhibitors of the VCC anion channel and show that the formation of the anion channel is necessary for the development of the vacuoles and for the cell death induced by this toxin. Using markers of cell organelles, we show that vacuoles derive from different intracellular compartments and we identify the contribution of late endosomes and of the trans-Golgi network in vacuole biogenesis.

The Vibrio choleare haemolysin anion channel is required for cell vacuolation and death

MOSCHIONI, MONICA;TOMBOLA, FRANCESCO;DE BERNARD, MARINA;ZORATTI, MARIO;MONTECUCCO, CESARE
2002

Abstract

Several strains of Vibrio cholerae secrete a haemolytic toxin of 63 kDa, termed V. cholerae cytolysin (VCC). This toxin causes extensive vacuolation and death of cells in culture and forms an anion-selective channel in planar lipid bilayers and in cells. Here, we identify inhibitors of the VCC anion channel and show that the formation of the anion channel is necessary for the development of the vacuoles and for the cell death induced by this toxin. Using markers of cell organelles, we show that vacuoles derive from different intracellular compartments and we identify the contribution of late endosomes and of the trans-Golgi network in vacuole biogenesis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2463023
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