Serum levels of the soluble form of the CD8 (s-CD8) antigen were evaluated in the peripheral blood of 44 patients with B-CLL, using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and were correlated with clinical features and relevant hematological and immunological data. Increased values were observed with respect to normal age-matched controls (mean +/- S.E.M. 603 U/ml +/- 81 vs. 315 U/ml +/- 31, respectively; P less than 0.0001). This increase was observed in all stages of the disease, excluding stage 0 (mean 277 U/ml +/- 45). A general trend pointing to lower values overall in patients with less invasive disease was observed. In fact, the rank correlation test showed that the serum levels of s-CD8 correlate significantly with the WBC counts, the CD4/CD8 ratio, and also with the levels of serum immunoglobulins. On the contrary, no correlation was observed between s-CD8 levels and the absolute number of circulating CD8+ cells in individual cases. Therefore, the increase of s-CD8 is unlikely to be a mere expression of the increase of the CD8 cell number, but seems related to an increase of the activation phenomena involving the CD8+ T cell subset.

SERUM LEVELS OF SOLUBLE CD8 ARE INCREASED IN PATIENTS WITH B CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA.

SEMENZATO, GIANPIETRO CARLO;ZAMBELLO, RENATO;TRENTIN, LIVIO;AGOSTINI, CARLO;ADAMI, FAUSTO;
1989

Abstract

Serum levels of the soluble form of the CD8 (s-CD8) antigen were evaluated in the peripheral blood of 44 patients with B-CLL, using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and were correlated with clinical features and relevant hematological and immunological data. Increased values were observed with respect to normal age-matched controls (mean +/- S.E.M. 603 U/ml +/- 81 vs. 315 U/ml +/- 31, respectively; P less than 0.0001). This increase was observed in all stages of the disease, excluding stage 0 (mean 277 U/ml +/- 45). A general trend pointing to lower values overall in patients with less invasive disease was observed. In fact, the rank correlation test showed that the serum levels of s-CD8 correlate significantly with the WBC counts, the CD4/CD8 ratio, and also with the levels of serum immunoglobulins. On the contrary, no correlation was observed between s-CD8 levels and the absolute number of circulating CD8+ cells in individual cases. Therefore, the increase of s-CD8 is unlikely to be a mere expression of the increase of the CD8 cell number, but seems related to an increase of the activation phenomena involving the CD8+ T cell subset.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2463069
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