A biocompatible and biodegradable polyphosphazene bearing phenylalanine ethyl ester, imidazole and chlorine (10.7:1:2.5 molar ratio) as substituents of the phosphorus atoms of the polymer backbone was studied for the preparation of polymeric naproxen slow-release systems. Discs 2.5 cm in diameter and 0.5 mm (thin) or 0.65 mm (thick), loaded, respectively, with 20 and 13.5% naproxen, showed different drug release kinetics, the thin matrices releasing naproxen at a faster rate and for a shorter time. In-vivo studies in rats demonstrated the pharmacological efficacy of these two different delivery systems in the inhibition of acute or chronic inflammatory diseases. Subcutaneous implantation of the thin matrices in rats was found to reduce carrageenan oedema induced both 1 h and 7 days after implantation. Rats implanted with thick matrices showed a reduction in chronic inflammation caused by adjuvant arthritis. Approximately 78% inhibition of arthritic oedema was found 28 days after subcutaneous administration of the matrices whereas 28.7% inhibition was found after daily oral administration of naproxen. Blood levels of naproxen in arthritic rats after matrix implantation showed the presence of drug up to day 28. These positive results have encouraged us to study a controlled-release system suitable for use in man.

Anti-inflammatory activity of polyphosphazene-based naproxen slow-release systems

CALICETI, PAOLO;
1996

Abstract

A biocompatible and biodegradable polyphosphazene bearing phenylalanine ethyl ester, imidazole and chlorine (10.7:1:2.5 molar ratio) as substituents of the phosphorus atoms of the polymer backbone was studied for the preparation of polymeric naproxen slow-release systems. Discs 2.5 cm in diameter and 0.5 mm (thin) or 0.65 mm (thick), loaded, respectively, with 20 and 13.5% naproxen, showed different drug release kinetics, the thin matrices releasing naproxen at a faster rate and for a shorter time. In-vivo studies in rats demonstrated the pharmacological efficacy of these two different delivery systems in the inhibition of acute or chronic inflammatory diseases. Subcutaneous implantation of the thin matrices in rats was found to reduce carrageenan oedema induced both 1 h and 7 days after implantation. Rats implanted with thick matrices showed a reduction in chronic inflammation caused by adjuvant arthritis. Approximately 78% inhibition of arthritic oedema was found 28 days after subcutaneous administration of the matrices whereas 28.7% inhibition was found after daily oral administration of naproxen. Blood levels of naproxen in arthritic rats after matrix implantation showed the presence of drug up to day 28. These positive results have encouraged us to study a controlled-release system suitable for use in man.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2463534
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