The human gene for member 3 of solute carrier family 8 (SLC8A3), encoding the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger isoform 3 (NCX3), was identified on chromosome 14q24.2. The minimal promoter region was predicted 250 bp upstream of exon 1. This was confirmed by luciferase reporter assays of pGL3-promoter constructs in transfected SH-SY5Y cells. The promoter activity was monitored during the differentiation of this cell line elicited by the sequential treatment with retinoic acid and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). The activity was induced by cyclic AMP (cAMP) via the CRE (cAMP response element) and was stimulated by retinoic acid. The increase of intracellular Ca2+ induced by the partial depolarization of the plasma membrane with KCl down-regulated both the basal and the cAMP-stimulated transcription. The down-regulation of the latter may be mediated by the phosphorylation of the CRE-binding protein by a calmodulin-dependent kinase (CaMKII). The exposure of cells to BDNF after treatment with retinoic acid rapidly induced promoter activity during the initial five hours and phosphorylation of CRE-binding protein during the first two hours. The promoter activity was further enhanced by cAMP, but became insensitive to Ca2+. In BDNF-stimulated cells cAMP elevation caused the preferential phosphorylation of ATF1 instead of that of CRE-binding protein.

Control of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger 3 promoter by cyclic adenosine monophosphate and Ca2+ in differentiating neurons

GABELLINI, NADIA;BORTOLUZZI, STEFANIA;DANIELI, GIAN ANTONIO;CARAFOLI, ERNESTO
2003

Abstract

The human gene for member 3 of solute carrier family 8 (SLC8A3), encoding the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger isoform 3 (NCX3), was identified on chromosome 14q24.2. The minimal promoter region was predicted 250 bp upstream of exon 1. This was confirmed by luciferase reporter assays of pGL3-promoter constructs in transfected SH-SY5Y cells. The promoter activity was monitored during the differentiation of this cell line elicited by the sequential treatment with retinoic acid and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). The activity was induced by cyclic AMP (cAMP) via the CRE (cAMP response element) and was stimulated by retinoic acid. The increase of intracellular Ca2+ induced by the partial depolarization of the plasma membrane with KCl down-regulated both the basal and the cAMP-stimulated transcription. The down-regulation of the latter may be mediated by the phosphorylation of the CRE-binding protein by a calmodulin-dependent kinase (CaMKII). The exposure of cells to BDNF after treatment with retinoic acid rapidly induced promoter activity during the initial five hours and phosphorylation of CRE-binding protein during the first two hours. The promoter activity was further enhanced by cAMP, but became insensitive to Ca2+. In BDNF-stimulated cells cAMP elevation caused the preferential phosphorylation of ATF1 instead of that of CRE-binding protein.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2464062
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