A 3-year study (1997-2000) was performed on 294 swine herds from Italy, where a National Programme of Control of Aujeszky's Disease (AD) based on compulsory vaccination has been operative since 1997. Aim of the study was to evaluate the progress of this control programme using a survival approach applied to gE-seropositive herds at the beginning of the programme. The cumulative proportion of herds still gE-seropositive at the end of the study was 0.57. No significant difference in the probability of becoming gE-seronegative during the study period was found between herds of different type (breeding versus farrow-to-finish) whereas significant differences were seen between herds from different areas. The Cox's proportional hazards regression, performed on data from 79 herds, showed that the only risk factor significantly associated with a higher probability of becoming gE-seronegative is again the geographical location. Other risk factors considered in the analysis were: type of enterprise, type of replacement of animals, herd size, pig and pig herds densities around the farm, distance from the nearest pig herd and year of beginning of the vaccination with a gE-deleted vaccine.

A study of the progress of the Aujeszky's disease control programme in Italy using survival analysis

MARTINI, MARCO;DRIGO, MICHELE;
2003

Abstract

A 3-year study (1997-2000) was performed on 294 swine herds from Italy, where a National Programme of Control of Aujeszky's Disease (AD) based on compulsory vaccination has been operative since 1997. Aim of the study was to evaluate the progress of this control programme using a survival approach applied to gE-seropositive herds at the beginning of the programme. The cumulative proportion of herds still gE-seropositive at the end of the study was 0.57. No significant difference in the probability of becoming gE-seronegative during the study period was found between herds of different type (breeding versus farrow-to-finish) whereas significant differences were seen between herds from different areas. The Cox's proportional hazards regression, performed on data from 79 herds, showed that the only risk factor significantly associated with a higher probability of becoming gE-seronegative is again the geographical location. Other risk factors considered in the analysis were: type of enterprise, type of replacement of animals, herd size, pig and pig herds densities around the farm, distance from the nearest pig herd and year of beginning of the vaccination with a gE-deleted vaccine.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2464252
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