On the basis of ultrastructural observations, Botryllus schlosseri oogenesis is divided into five stages, of which stages 1–3 and 4–5 refer to previtellogenic and vitellogenic phases, respectively. Special attention was paid to the mechanisms of acquisition of nutrient, organelle differentiation, yolk formation and relationships between oocyte and its complex investment. In the gonadal blastema of young buds, small oocytes are recognized early, partially covered by a few primary follicle cells, the presumptive source of all the cellular envelopes of the fully grown oocyte. Some oocytes are seen in the zygotene–pachytene phase, characterized by synaptonemal complexes, but most are found at the end of the diplotene, when oocytes commonly stop meiosis, grow and migrate through blood vessels into blastozooids of successive generations. In laboratory animals, only 1–3 oocytes per blastozooid can reach complete maturity. Detailed observations on the time of appearance and development of organelles, microvilli and endocytotic activity in growing oocytes are also reported. Ultrastructural differentiation and the relationships between oocytes and their envelopes all indicate that both auto– and hetero–synthetic mechanisms for yolk formation occur in B. schlosseri. These mechanisms and the possible role of egg envelopes in the process are discussed, comparing the large yolky eggs of B. schlosseri with those of solitary species.

ULTRASTRUCTURAL-STUDY OF OOGENESIS IN THE COMPOUND ASCIDIAN BOTRYLLUS-SCHLOSSERI (TUNICATA)

MANNI, LUCIA;ZANIOLO, GIOVANNA;
1994

Abstract

On the basis of ultrastructural observations, Botryllus schlosseri oogenesis is divided into five stages, of which stages 1–3 and 4–5 refer to previtellogenic and vitellogenic phases, respectively. Special attention was paid to the mechanisms of acquisition of nutrient, organelle differentiation, yolk formation and relationships between oocyte and its complex investment. In the gonadal blastema of young buds, small oocytes are recognized early, partially covered by a few primary follicle cells, the presumptive source of all the cellular envelopes of the fully grown oocyte. Some oocytes are seen in the zygotene–pachytene phase, characterized by synaptonemal complexes, but most are found at the end of the diplotene, when oocytes commonly stop meiosis, grow and migrate through blood vessels into blastozooids of successive generations. In laboratory animals, only 1–3 oocytes per blastozooid can reach complete maturity. Detailed observations on the time of appearance and development of organelles, microvilli and endocytotic activity in growing oocytes are also reported. Ultrastructural differentiation and the relationships between oocytes and their envelopes all indicate that both auto– and hetero–synthetic mechanisms for yolk formation occur in B. schlosseri. These mechanisms and the possible role of egg envelopes in the process are discussed, comparing the large yolky eggs of B. schlosseri with those of solitary species.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2464481
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 22
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 22
social impact