Genetic and acquired factors may influence phenotypic expression of inherited thrombophilia. Hypofibrinolysis due to excess PAI-1 can be found in patients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and 4G/5G polymorphism of the PAI-1 gene may modulate the inhibitor's synthesis. In 149 patients with inherited thrombophilia, the possible thrombotic contribution of both 4G/5G polymorphism and PAI-1 plasma levels was evaluated. Sixty-seven patients with idiopathic DVT and 98 normal subjects were also studied. By comparison with controls, a significantly higher prevalence of 4G/4G genotype was seen in idiopathic DVT and in thrombophilia patients, although in this latter group the difference only remained significant in cases symptomatic for thrombosis (p = 0.01). The 4G/4G genotype was associated with a greater risk of thrombosis both in symptomatic thrombophilia patients (OR 2.85, 95% CI 1.26-6.46) and in idiopathic DVT patients (OR 3.1, 95% CI 1.26-7.59). The greater frequency of 4G allele in symptomatic thrombophilia patients with respect to controls was statistically significant (p = 0.04). Compared to healthy subjects, PAI-1:Ag levels were higher in symptomatic thrombophilia patients and related to the 4G/5G polymorphism, with significantly higher values in the 4G/4G carriers. In conclusion, PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphism may influence PAI-1 expression and thrombotic risk in patients with inherited thrombophilia.

The PAI-1 gene 4G/5G polymorphism and deep vein thrombosis in patients with inherited thrombophilia

SAGGIORATO, GRAZIELLA;TORMENE, DANIELA;SIMIONI, PAOLO;SPIEZIA, LUCA;GIROLAMI, ANTONIO
2003

Abstract

Genetic and acquired factors may influence phenotypic expression of inherited thrombophilia. Hypofibrinolysis due to excess PAI-1 can be found in patients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and 4G/5G polymorphism of the PAI-1 gene may modulate the inhibitor's synthesis. In 149 patients with inherited thrombophilia, the possible thrombotic contribution of both 4G/5G polymorphism and PAI-1 plasma levels was evaluated. Sixty-seven patients with idiopathic DVT and 98 normal subjects were also studied. By comparison with controls, a significantly higher prevalence of 4G/4G genotype was seen in idiopathic DVT and in thrombophilia patients, although in this latter group the difference only remained significant in cases symptomatic for thrombosis (p = 0.01). The 4G/4G genotype was associated with a greater risk of thrombosis both in symptomatic thrombophilia patients (OR 2.85, 95% CI 1.26-6.46) and in idiopathic DVT patients (OR 3.1, 95% CI 1.26-7.59). The greater frequency of 4G allele in symptomatic thrombophilia patients with respect to controls was statistically significant (p = 0.04). Compared to healthy subjects, PAI-1:Ag levels were higher in symptomatic thrombophilia patients and related to the 4G/5G polymorphism, with significantly higher values in the 4G/4G carriers. In conclusion, PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphism may influence PAI-1 expression and thrombotic risk in patients with inherited thrombophilia.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2464511
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