Abstract: We have evaluated gastric juice pH, nitrites and vitamin C levels, mucosal glutathione, and malondialdehyde, a marker of lipid peroxidation, in patients with chronic gastritis undergoing endoscopy. Patients had chronic gastritis with (n = 28) or without (n = 60) atrophy and/or concomitant Helicobacter pylori infection. Nineteen healthy subjects, without major macroscopic or histologic changes, were included as controls. Ten subjects were studied before and after H. pylori eradication. Vitamin C levels were low in atrophic gastritis (p < 0.006) and H. pylori infection (p < 0.02). Nitrite concentrations and pH were significantly higher in atrophy (p < 0.005 and 0.0001). Glutathione turnover was higher than normal in gastritis, with higher levels of oxidized glutathione (p < 0.02). Gastric malondialdehyde levels were significantly increased by gastritis (p < 0.05) and H. pylori infection (p < 0.05). Overall, more active gastritis coincided with lower vitamin C levels and higher malondialdehyde levels. After H. pylori eradication a drop in mucosal MDA levels was observed (p = 0.04). In summary, chronic gastritis and H. pylori infection correlate with increased free-radical production, reduced gastric vitamin C levels, and increased glutathione turnover. The possible implications of these changes in the pathogenesis of gastric damage and in carcinogenesis are intriguing.

Gastric antioxidants, nitrites and mucosal lipoperoxidation in chronic gastritis and Helicobacter pylori infection.

FARINATI, FABIO;CARDIN, ROMILDA;PLEBANI, MARIO;RUGGE, MASSIMO;
1996

Abstract

Abstract: We have evaluated gastric juice pH, nitrites and vitamin C levels, mucosal glutathione, and malondialdehyde, a marker of lipid peroxidation, in patients with chronic gastritis undergoing endoscopy. Patients had chronic gastritis with (n = 28) or without (n = 60) atrophy and/or concomitant Helicobacter pylori infection. Nineteen healthy subjects, without major macroscopic or histologic changes, were included as controls. Ten subjects were studied before and after H. pylori eradication. Vitamin C levels were low in atrophic gastritis (p < 0.006) and H. pylori infection (p < 0.02). Nitrite concentrations and pH were significantly higher in atrophy (p < 0.005 and 0.0001). Glutathione turnover was higher than normal in gastritis, with higher levels of oxidized glutathione (p < 0.02). Gastric malondialdehyde levels were significantly increased by gastritis (p < 0.05) and H. pylori infection (p < 0.05). Overall, more active gastritis coincided with lower vitamin C levels and higher malondialdehyde levels. After H. pylori eradication a drop in mucosal MDA levels was observed (p = 0.04). In summary, chronic gastritis and H. pylori infection correlate with increased free-radical production, reduced gastric vitamin C levels, and increased glutathione turnover. The possible implications of these changes in the pathogenesis of gastric damage and in carcinogenesis are intriguing.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2465314
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